ADDISON COUNTY IN THE WAR OF THE REBELLION.
Patriotism of Vermont — The Middlebury Light Guard — History of the First Regiment — The Second Regiment — Addison County Enlistments Therein — Career in the Field — The “Vermont Brigade” — The Fifth Regiment — The Sixth Regiment and its Addison County Members — Further History of the Vermont Brigade — Details of its Honorable Service — The Eleventh Regiment — The Seventh Regiment and its Relation to Addison County — Death of Colonel Roberts — The Ninth Regiment — First Vermont Cavalry — Its Formidable List of Engagements — First Battery — Nine Months Men — The Seventeenth and Fourteenth Regiments — Statistics from the Various Towns of the County — Roster of Field and Staff Officers.
NO State in the Union came out of the recent great struggle for the preservation of our national government with greater glory or a more honorable record than Vermont. With almost unexampled promptitude and unselfish prodigality she sent her best blood to baptize the southern fields and languish in deadly prisons, and lavished her treasure in support of the noble cause, and to-day no one can do the memory of her heroes, dead and living, too much honor. The sharp anguish of sudden loss of father, husband, or brother may have become softened by the kindly hand of time; but the vacant places around thousands of hearthstones are still there and must for many more years awaken mournful memories in innumerable hearts and bring the occasional tear to many an eye.
Addison county felt the awful ravages of the war with as great severity as any other of similar population. No sooner did the first traitorous gun send its fateful shot upon Fort Sumter than her citizens aroused themselves to action for that energetic support of the government which never flagged until the last shot was fired against the old flag. Of the 34,238 patriotic men who went to the front from this State, her quota was promptly and freely contributed, almost without a semblance of compulsion through conscription, and the most liberal measures were successively adopted for the payment of bounties and the aid of soldiers in the field and their families at home.
The First Regiment. –When the first call of the president was issued for 75,000 men to serve three months, immediate steps were taken in this county to furnish volunteers. These measures resulted in the enlistment of nearly all of the rank and file of the old Middlebury Light Guard, then under command of Charles W. Rose. This company went into the First Regiment as Company I, with Eben S. Hayward as captain, Charles W. Rose, first lieutenant, and Orville W. Heath as second lieutenant. There were many other enlistments in this regiment from other towns, which will be found enumerated in the town histories.
On the 13th of May the First Regiment arrived at Fortress Monroe from New York, at which city they arrived on the 10th. On the 23d of May the regiment encamped at Hampton and on the 25th received orders to embark the following morning on the gunboat Monticello for the James River. Landing was made the same day at Newport News, and the regiment began work on the fortifications at that point, continuing two weeks. On the 10th of June occurred the battle of Big Bethel, in which five companies of the regiment, including the Light Guards, were engaged. This was the first of the many occasions when Vermont troops were under fire. The losses in killed and wounded in the First Regiment were forty-five. The regiment remained at Newport News until the expiration of its term, when it returned home and was mustered out at Brattleboro on the 15th of August, 1861.
The Second Regiment. –This regiment was raised and mustered into the service on the 20th of June, 1861, for three years, and the original members mustered out June 29, 1864. For this regiment Company K was recruited largely by Solon Eaton, of Addison, and largely from that town. Mr. Eaton was made captain of the company; Amasa S. Tracy, first lieutenant, and Jonathan M. Hoyt, second lieutenant. Colonel Tracy was promoted to captain of Company H January 24, 1862, and to major April 2, 1864; to lieutenant-colonel June 17, 1864. He was wounded May 3, 1863, and October 18, 1864; was breveted colonel April 2, 1865, for gallantry in the assault on Petersburg; mustered out as lieutenant-colonel July 15, 1865. Others who served as commissioned officers of this company were: Captains, Erastus G. Ballou, of Boston, and Augustus A. Decelle, of Shoreham; as first lieutenants, Erastus G. Ballou, Ward B. Hurlburt, of Weybridge, Eben N. Drury, of Vergennes, and Charles F. Greenleaf, Salisbury; as second lieutenants, Henry Carroll, of New Haven, and Russell Fisk, of Bennington. The promotions of these officers will be found at the close of this chapter.
The Second Regiment rendezvoused at Burlington, and was mustered in with 868 officers and men, under command of Colonel Henry Whiting and left the State on the 24th of June, 1861. It participated in the battle of Bull Run on the 21st of July, 1861, where a number of its members were wounded. Previous to November 1, 1861, two hundred and thirty-seven recruits were added to the regiment.
The Second Regiment was brigaded with the Third, Fourth, Fifth and Sixth Regiments, constituting the Second Brigade, Second Division, Sixth Corps; this brigade became known as one of the best in the Army of the Potomac. In the first battle fought at Fredericksburgh, in December, 1862, the brigade was commanded by Colonel Whiting, and was distinguished for its gallantry; the Second Regiment lost two killed and fifty-nine wounded. On the 3d of the following May, at the second battle of Fredericksburgh, and at Bank’s Ford the next day, the brigade fought with great bravery and is particularly commended in the report of the adjutant-general. He says: “They stormed and carried the heights of Fredericksburgh in the face of a terrible fire,” and “protected the rear of the Sixth Corps and enabled it to cross the Rappahannock in safety; the masses of the enemy were persistently hurled against them in vain.” In the Second Regiment on the 3d of May there were twelve killed and ninety-four wounded.
At the battle of Gettysburg the brigade was held in reserve on the 3d of July and not engaged; but on the 10th, near Funkstown, Md., they met the enemy in superior force and gallantly repulsed them. The loss here was nine killed and fifty-nine wounded, among the latter being Lieutenant Drury. Colonel L. A. Grant was now in command of the brigade.
Under General Order 191 of the War Department, June 25, 1863, there were 167 re-enlistments in the Second Regiment. In 1864 the regiments before named, and the Eleventh after May 15, constituted the same brigade, and was commanded by Colonel Grant, who was promoted to brigadier-general. The brigade soon became known as the “Vermont Brigade,” and acquired a fame for bravery and efficiency second to none in the Army of the Potomac. Its history from this date onward is given a little further on, it being deemed more desirable to note brief statistics of enlistments from this county in the Fifth and Sixth Regiments, which constituted a part of the brigade, before proceeding with its general history.
Tbe Fifth Regiment.-Company B, of the Fifth Regiment, was largely raised in Middlebury. The Addison county men who held commissions in it were Captains Charles W. Rose and Hiram Cook; the former was afterward promoted to lieutenant-colonel of the Fourteenth Regiment; First Lieutenants Wilson D. Wright, of Middlebury, Charles H. Williamson, of the same town; Second Lieutenants Olney A. Comstock, Charles H. Williamson and Newton Murdick, of Middlebury. The Regiment was mustered into the service September 16, 1861.
Company F, of the Fifth Regiment, was recruited in Middlebury, Cornwall and adjoining towns. The Addison county men who held commissions in the company were Captains Edwin S. Stowell, of Cornwall, afterwards promoted to major, Cyrus R. Crane, of Bridport, and Eugene A. Hamilton, of Salisbury; First Lieutenants Cyrus R. Crane, Eugene A. Hamilton and Watson O. Beach, of Salisbury; Second Lieutenants Eugene A. Hamilton, Andrew J. Mason, of New Haven, Watson O. Beach. The services of these officers are given further on.
The field and staff officers at the time it was mustered into the service were as follows:
Colonel, Henry A. Smalley. He was a regular army officer on leave of absence, and his leave was revoked September 10, 1862, and Lewis A. Grant was promoted to the colonelcy. Lieutenant-colonel, Nathan Lord, jr. Promoted to colonel of the Sixth Regiment September 16, 1861. Major, Lewis A. Grant. Promoted to lieutenant-colonel September 25, 1861; wounded December 14, 1862; promoted to brigadier-general April 27, 1864. Adjutant, Edward M. Brown. Promoted lieutenant-colonel Eighth Vermont January 8, 1862. Quartermaster, Aldis O. Brainerd. Resigned May 28, 1862. Surgeon, William P. Russell. Honorably discharged October 11, 1862, for disability. Assistant Surgeon, Henry C. Shaw. Died September 7, 1862, at Alexandria, Va. Chaplain, Volney M. Simons. Resigned in March, 1862.
The Fifth Regiment rendezvoused at St. Albans, remaining there about two weeks, when they started for Virginia, going into camp first on Meridian Hill, near Washington, and two days later at Chain Bridge. Remaining there a short time, they moved to Camp Griffin, three miles distant, and remained through the winter. In the spring they entered the peninsula campaign. On the 16th of April the regiment took part in the battle of “The Chimneys,” or Lee’s Mills. The Fifth, now a part of the “Vermont Brigade,” comprising the Second, Third, Fourth, Fifth and Sixth Regiments, was in command of Brigadier-General W.T.H. Brooks.
In this engagement the Fifth was not so actively employed as some of the other regiments. In his report General Brooks says, after stating that the skirmishers of the Third and Fourth Regiments opened on the enemy, “A company of picked men from the Fifth was deployed in front of the chimneys and advanced under a heavy fire of shell and canister down the slope to the water’s edge below the dam, where they remained sheltered during the day, and were in position to greatly harass the enemy in working his guns. Again in his report General Brooks says, “Colonels Hyde and Smalley [the latter of the Fifth Regiment] are also deserving of notice for their activity and the dispositions of their regiments during the day.” Two men were killed in the regiment and seven wounded.
The next engagement in which the Fifth took part was the battle of Williamsburgh, on the 5th of May, 1862. General E. D. Keyes was then in command of the brigade. The brigade, previous to the opening of the battle, was bivouacked near the enemy, and occupied a portion of the front during the succeeding action, and was in support of Mott’s battery. The report that the enemy had evacuated their works at this point reached the Union forces Sunday morning of the 4th; the brigade was placed under arms on the 5th, under command of Lieutenant-Colonel Grant, and sent across the dam on Skiff Creek; the enemy was not discovered and the troops were bivouacked. On the following day the brigade was in reserve, to support Hancock’s brigade, not being actively engaged. June 29 Colonel Lewis A. Grant was promoted to brigadier-general and took command of the brigade.
In the succeeding operations about Golding’s Farm, Savage’s Station and White Oak Swamp, at each of which point engagements were fought, the Fifth was honorably employed. At the first-named point the Second, Fifth and Sixth Regiments were brought up to support the Fourth, which became hotly engaged while supporting Hancock’s brigade on picket duty. Although under heavy fire during their approach to their position, they did not become actively engaged. These movements occurred on the 27th, and on the 28th the brigade was subjected to heavy shelling, which became so destructive that a change of camp was made prior to the change of base to the James River. On the 29th the brigade left its camp at Golding’s Farm for the grand movement. After passing Savage’s Station the division to which the brigade was attached was ordered to return to that point to repel an attack. This was done and the brigade formed as follows: The Fifth, Lieutenant-Colonel Grant, in line on the right; the Sixth, Colonel Lord, deployed to the left; the Second, Colonel Whiting, in column in support of the Fifth; the Third, Lieutenant-Colonel W G. Veazey, in column in support of the Sixth. Passing through a wood into an open field, the Fifth encountered a regiment of the enemy, which was routed in brilliant style. As soon as the firing began, the Second and Third Regiments deployed and became hotly engaged. General Brooks says in his report: “The conduct of the troops in this action was generally very commendable. Of those that were under my own eye I take pleasure in mentioning the names of Colonel Lord, Lieutenant-Colonel Grant, Lieutenant-Colonel Blunt, Lieutenant-Colonel Veazey,” followed by many other names. After the engagement the brigade crossed the White Oak Swamp, and reached its new encampment without further incident.
The brigade was engaged in the battle at Crampton Gap, on the 14th of September, and Antietam on the 17th, but in the former the Fifth Regiment was not in active conflict. At Antietam the brigade lay under fire for forty-eight hours, the casualties being quite numerous from artillery and sharpshooters.
In the first battle at Fredericksburgh, in December, 1862, the brigade, then commanded by Colonel Henry Whiting, of the Second Regiment, was distinguished for its gallantry. The losses were twenty-six killed and one hundred and forty-one wounded; ten of the killed and thirty of the wounded were from the Fifth Regiment. At the second battle of Fredericksburgh, May 3, and at Bank’s Ford on the 4th, as before stated, the conduct of the Fifth Regiment could not be excelled. The total killed was thirty and wounded two hundred and twenty-seven; of these the Fifth Regiment lost three killed and eleven wounded.
The Sixth Regiment. –The next full company recruited in this county was Company A, of the Sixth Regiment, which was raised principally in Vergennes and Bristol. Those who served in it as commissioned officers from Addison county were Captains George Parker, jr., of Vergennes, who resigned in October, 1862, and Riley A. Bird, of Bristol (killed in the Wilderness May 5, 1864,); First Lieutenants Riley A. Bird, Albert A. Crane, of Bridport (killed May 5, 1864, in the Wilderness), Charles J. S. Randall, of Bristol, George Neddo, of Middlebury, and Edwin A. Barney, of Monkton. (See close of chapter for promotions, etc.) This regiment was mustered into service October 15, 1861, and the original members mustered out October 28, 1864. None of the field and staff officers at the time of muster was from Addison county, though Lieutenant C. J. S. Randall was promoted to quartermaster in October, 1864.
The Sixth Regiment rendezvoused at Montpelier, and when mustered in had 971 officers and men, under command of Nathan Lord, jr. It left the State in the latter part of October. It participated in the same engagements before fought by the Fifth and other regiments of the brigade, as previously noted. In the first battle of Fredericksburgh one man was killed and one wounded. In the subsequent engagements of the first week in May the losses were, May 3, wounded eight; May 4, killed five, wounded forty-six.
Returning now to the general history of the famous “Vermont Brigade,” it may be said that succeeding the engagement near Funkstown, Md., which has been mentioned, the brigade moved with the Army of the Potomac into Virginia in pursuit of the enemy, and were then detached and sent to New York city, to aid in enforcing order at the elections of that year. Returning, they were stationed near Culpepper, Va.
In summing up the operations of the Vermont Brigade thus far the adjutant-general said: “Too much honor cannot be awarded by the people of Vermont to the officers and men of this gallant brigade. They are the men who responded among the earliest to the call of the nation for assistance in suppressing the Rebellion and restoring and preserving the national existence. They have fought gallantly in every battle in which the Army of the Potomac has been engaged, since the war commenced. Distinguished alike for bravery and discipline, they have acquired for themselves an imperishable record in history, and have won for the troops of the State in the field a reputation for unflinching courage and dashing bravery which is only equaled by the distinction which the people of the State have earned for persistent loyalty to the Union, which is their proudest boast.”
October 1, 1863, found the brigade encamped near Culpepper, Va., whence they marched on the 8th to the Rapidan, fifteen miles; thence on the 10th to Culpepper, fifteen miles; thence on the 11th to Rappahannock Station, twelve miles; thence on the 12th to Brandy Station, five miles; thence, October 13, to Kettle Run, near Bristow Station, thirty miles; thence on the 14th to Little River Pike, near Chantilly, fifteen miles, and thence, on the following day, to Chantilly, two miles. Here the brigade rested, after these arduous marches, until the 19th of October, when the march was made to Gainesville, twelve miles, where the Sixth Regiment, while on picket, had a slight skirmish with the enemy’s cavalry, but without loss. On the 20th the brigade led the advance of the Sixth Corps, driving back the enemy’s cavalry to Warrenton, twelve miles. Here the brigade remained encamped until November 7, when they advanced to Rappahannock Station, where the enemy was met in force. The brigade, however, was not engaged, but was under heavy artillery fire all of the afternoon; no casualties. On the 8th the brigade crossed the Rappahannock and advanced to Brandy Station, where they went into camp on the 9th and remained until the 27th; on that day they moved four miles and supported the Third Corps in the battle of Locust Grove; the brigade was only under artillery fire and suffered little. On the 2d of December they recrossed the Rapidan and went into camp at Brandy Station, remaining there with little of incident until the last week of February, when they accompanied the Sixth Corps on a week’s reconnoissance to near Orange Court-House. The old camp was then resumed and kept until the 4th of May, when the brigade recrossed the Rapidan at Germania Ford and went into camp two miles to the south of the ford. The 5th and 6th the brigade was actively engaged in the battle of the Wilderness. On the morning of the 5th the rebels were engaged in a movement to cut off Hancock’s Corps (which had crossed the river below the ford) from the main army. To prevent this the Vermont and two other brigades were detached from the Sixth Corps. As the brigade came to the crossing of the “Brock” Road and the turnpike, they found the rebel advance driving the Union cavalry before them. The brigade was formed at the crossing and hastily threw up slight entrenchments. The order was then given to advance to the attack, a movement which the enemy was at the same time beginning. The two lines met in a thick wood, where little of either opposing force could be seen by the other, and the great battle of the Wilderness began. The Vermont Brigade held the key to the position and seemed to realize the fact. Unflinchingly they met and returned the galling fire of the enemy, while their ranks were rapidly thinning. Every assault was gallantly repulsed, notwithstanding every regimental commander in the brigade, except one, was either killed or wounded. A thousand brave officers and men fell in the brigade that day, and the living slept amidst the bloody horrors of the field. The fierce struggle was renewed on the morning of the 6th, the enemy having fallen back a short distance and slightly entrenched. Again and again during the day was the Vermont Brigade assaulted with the most determined vigor, but the heroic troops of the Green Mountain State were equal to every demand upon their bravery and, after signally repulsing the last attack, retired to the entrenchments they had thrown up on the Brock Road; late in the afternoon another desperate attack was made by the enemy upon this line, but this time they were again repulsed and defeated. On the morning of the 7th a strong skirmish line from the Sixth Regiment was sent out and drove back the enemy’s skirmish line, revealing the fact that the main body of the rebels had fallen back. Soon after dark the flank movement towards Spottsylvania was begun. The brigade crossed the Rapidan on the 4th with 2,800 effective men; the losses in the two days’ fighting were 1,232, of which the Fifth Regiment lost twenty-eight killed, one hundred and seventy-nine wounded and seventeen missing. Of the officers in this regiment Captains Alonzo R. Hurlburt, George D. Davenport and Charles J. Ormsbee, and Lieutenants Orvis H. Sweet and Watson O. Beach were either killed or wounded; Ormsbee and Sweet were both killed. Lieutenant-Colonel John R. Lewis, commanding the Fifth, was severely wounded. In the Sixth Colonel E. L. Barney, Captains Riley A. Bird and George C. Randall, and Lieutenant Albert A. Crane, were killed or died of their wounds.
During the whole of the night of the 7th of May the brigade was on the march, arriving at Chancellorsville the next morning; here they were detailed to guard the Sixth Corps train. About 4 o’clock P. M. they were ordered to the front; a forced march of four miles was made and the battlefield reached just before dark. The 9th was spent in fortifying the position of the brigade and on the 10th the skirmish line was advanced, driving back that of the enemy, the Fourth Regiment receiving high commendation for its conduct. During the day the Second Regiment, the Fifth, under command of Major C. P. Dudley, and the Sixth (the whole under the command of Colonel Thomas O. Seaver) formed a part of the column which charged the enemy’s works, the Vermont troops being in the rear line. The front lines were at first successful, capturing the works and many prisoners, but were driven back. The Vermont troops mentioned then advanced under a terrible fire and occupied the rebel works, the other regiments falling back. Orders were now given for all to fall back, but they failed to reach the Second Regiment, which refused to retire until they were positively ordered to do so. It was in this charge that the brave Major Dudley fell of wounds which caused his death. The brigade retained its position, constantly under fire, through the 11th of May, and early on the 12th moved with the corps to the left to co-operate with Hancock’s corps. The latter had captured the enemy’s works at that point, and the rebels were engaged in a desperate attempt to retake them, when the Vermont Brigade marched into position under a heavy fire. Two lines were formed on the extreme left and skirmishers thrown out under a brisk fire. To quote from the report of the adjutant-general: “At this time the enemy were making the most determined effort to retake the line of woods carried by Hancock and now held by the Sixth Corps, the key of the position being at the angle in the center, and that being the point at which the most desperate attacks were made. Brigadier-General Grant, with the regiments of the second line, was ordered to the right to assist General Wheaton, and Colonel Seaver was left in command of the front line and the skirmishers. General Wheaton with his brigade was endeavoring to advance through thick brush, and in face of a deadly fire from the enemy’s rifle-pits, and the Vermont regiments moved up promptly to his support, the Fourth Regiment taking and holding the front line. It was found impracticable to carry the enemy’s works upon the right by a direct attack, and the enemy were gaining advantage in the center. Leaving the Fourth Regiment in its position, General Grant returned to the center, and being joined by Colonel Seaver with the residue of the brigade, the whole were put into the engagement, except the Sixth Regiment, which was held in reserve.”
This was a critical point and a critical time for both armies, and the fighting was of the most desperate character; the combatants were separated by a breastwork of logs and rails, and the conflict was practically hand to hand. The terrible struggle continued for eight hours, when the Vermont brigade was relieved; the works were held, but the losses were heavy. The brigade camped for the night on the extreme right.
On the 13th the brigade, with small exception, was not actively engaged and took a position towards night on the left near the scene of its former struggle. During the 14th the Vermont brigade held the extreme left. On the 16th Colonel Seaver, with his regiment and one from Massachusetts, made a reconnoissance in the direction of Spottsylvania Court-House, gallantly driving in the enemy’s skirmishers and accomplishing the duty to which he was assigned. On the morning of the 18th the Second and Sixth Corps charged the enemy’s works, advancing about half a mile under heavy artillery fire. The Vermont brigade held the front line for some time, when the whole were ordered to fall back. Early on the morning of the 19th the brigade advanced with the corps about a mile and fortified its position, remaining there two days. At noon of the 21st the brigade moved about three-fourths of a mile to the rear, leaving a strong skirmish line in their works. Just before nightfall the enemy in strong force broke through this skirmish line and Colonel Seaver was ordered out with his regiment to re-establish it; the task was gallantly performed. That night the corps marched towards Guinness’s Station. The total losses of the Fifth Regiment from the time of the crossing of the Rapidan to this date were thirty-eight killed, two hundred and twenty-nine wounded and fifty-one missing — a total of three hundred and eighteen. The losses in the brigade were 1,650, more than one-half of the entire force that crossed the river.
On the 15th of May the brigade was joined by the 11th Vermont Regiment, which had been mustered into the service September 1, 1862, and constituted the First Regiment of Vermont Heavy Artillery after December 10, 1863.
The Eleventh Regiment. — In the Eleventh Regiment Company B was raised principally in Shoreham and near-by western towns, by Captain Charles Hunsdon, and there were many enlistments from other towns, as will appear on a later page of statistics. The regiment was first mustered in on the 1st of September, 1862, and the original members mustered out June 24, 1865. By special order of the War Department of December 10, 1862, the regiment was changed to heavy artillery, and was attached to the Vermont Brigade on the 15th of May, 1864.
Those men from Addison county who held commissions in Company B were: Captain Charles Hunsdon, of Shoreham; First Lieutenants Aldace F. Walker, then of Middlebury, George G. Howe, of Shoreham, and Walter S. Jones, of Shoreham; Second Lieutenants Charles H. Smith, of Addison, George G. Howe, of Shoreham, Edward B. Parker, of Middlebury, Wm. W. Gage, of Monkton, Cyrus Thomas, of Weybridge, and Philo S. Severance, of Middlebury. Records of the services of these officers will be found at the close of the chapter.
A few words as to the career of the Eleventh Regiment previous to its association with the Second Brigade: After its muster it left Brattleboro and was first stationed at Fort Lincoln, near Bladensburg, Va., in the northern defenses of Washington for about two months. It was then (December 10, 1862) transferred to the Heavy Artillery branch of the service and occupied Forts Stevens, Slocum and Totten, near Silver Spring, D. C. Two additional companies (L and M) were recruited for the regiment in 1863, giving the regiment one thousand eight hundred men. It performed duty in that vicinity, without memorable incident, until May, 1864, when it was assigned to the Vermont Brigade, as stated.
Again returning to the general history of the brigade in which Addison county volunteers acted such honorable part, it started on the night of the 21st of May, 1864, from Spottsylvania and by arduous marches reached first Guinness’s Station; thence marched to Harris’s Store on the 22d; to the North Anna River on the 23d; crossed the river on the 24th, and two days later advanced to Little River, destroying the railroad at that point; on the night of the 25th they recrossed the North Anna and marched in the mud to Chesterfield Station on the Fredericksburgh railroad; continued the march on the 26th, and on the 27th crossed the Pamunkey River three miles above Hanover Town and moved to the right two miles towards Hanover Court-House, where they remained entrenched two days. On the 29th the brigade marched to a new position on the Tolopotamy River where they remained two days, Major Chamberlain’s battalion of the Eleventh Regiment being engaged in skirmishing nearly the whole of one day.
On the 1st of June the brigade marched to Cold Harbor and participated in the attack on the enemy, holding the extreme left, the Fifth Regiment being in support of a battery. A charge was made by the Second Regiment and Major Fleming’s battalion and Captain Sears’s company of the Eleventh, under a destructive fire, displaying great gallantry. On the following day the division containing this brigade held a portion of the enemy’s works which had been captured, under a destructive fire. In the general attack on the enemy on the 3d, the Third and Fifth Regiments were in the front line of battle and greatly exposed; their losses were heavy. During the night the Third and Fifth Regiments and two battalions of the Eleventh, under Colonel Seaver, relieved a portion of the front line. The casualties in the Fifth, from the 21st of May to the 5th of June, were eight killed, twenty-two wounded, one missing; in the Eleventh thirteen killed, one hundred and twenty-one wounded. Captain Merrill T. Samson, of the Fifth, Lieutenant Hiram C. Bailey, of the Second, and Lieutenant Henry C. Miller, of the Third, fell in the engagement on the 3d. From the 3d of June to the 11th the brigade held the front line at two important points, and on the evening of the 12th moved back to a new line of works a mile in the rear, leaving the Fourth Regiment in the front as skirmishers, and about midnight started on the march for Petersburg. For twelve days the brigade had been under almost incessant fire, evincing the most heroic bravery and almost marvelous endurance. Major Richard B. Crandall, of the Sixth Regiment, a gallant young officer, fell on the 7th. From the 4th to the 10th of June the Fifth Regiment lost three wounded and the Eleventh two killed and seventeen wounded.
Regarding the conduct of the Eleventh Regiment, which was new to active service in the field, it is but just to quote from the reports of Brigadier-General Grant, who said: “Special mention ought to be made of the officers and men of the Eleventh for their gallant bearing in the charge of May 18. This was the first time they had been under fire, but they exhibited the coolness and noble bearing of the ‘Vermonters,’ and fairly stood beside the veteran regiments of the old brigade.”
June 13 the brigade crossed the Chickahominy after a march of twenty-four miles, and encamped. The march was resumed next day and on the 17th they occupied the rebel works near Petersburg which had been captured. During the day the enemy was attacked in his new position and driven back, the Second and Fifth Regiments holding the skirmish line. The lines at Petersburg were held under heavy artillery fire until the evening of the 20th, when the brigade was moved to the left, relieving a division of the Second Corps. From the 11th to the 20th of June the Fifth Regiment lost two men killed and wounded and the Eleventh five. On the evening of June 21 the Sixth Corps was moved six miles to the entire left of the army, and on the night of the 22d the Vermont Brigade took position about a mile from the Weldon Railroad. The 23d was occupied in the destruction of the road, during which the enemy made an attack from the woods on the right and closing on the rear of the Fourth Regiment and Major Fleming’s battalion, cut them off. A desperate fight ensued and the men surrendered only when driven to the last extremity. Captain William C. Tracy, of the Fourth, and Merritt H. Sherman, of Major A. F. Walker’s battalion of the Eleventh Regiment, were killed during the day. Between the 20th and the 26th of June the Eleventh Regiment lost nine killed and twenty-seven wounded, with two hundred and sixty-three reported missing.
On the 29th of June the Vermont Brigade led the advance of the Sixth Corps to Reams’s Station on the Weldon Railroad. After one day out they occupied their former position until July 8, when they marched to City Point and on the 9th embarked for Washington. On the 13th the brigade marched to Poolesville, Maryland, where the rear guard of the enemy was overtaken and routed; thence they marched to Snicker’s Gap and on the 23d returned to the capital. On the 26th they again left Washington for Harper’s Ferry, going into camp on Bolivar Heights on the night of the 29th. On the 30th they returned to Frederick City, Md. This was Sunday and Major Aldace F. Walker, in his admirable little book on The Vermont Brigade in the Shenandoah Valley, says: “It was the hardest day’s march we ever made. The heat was intense; the day was the very hottest of all the season; the clouds of dust were actually blinding; the pace almost a gallop; the poor men struggled bravely, ambulances were crowded, shady spots covered with exhausted soldiers, men falling out of the ranks at every rod, overpowered by the heat and positively unable to proceed; actual cases of sunstroke by the score and by the hundred; a great scarcity of water; but no halt or chance for rest until towards night we reached Frederick City.” No more vivid and truthful picture could be drawn in a few words of a forced march under a southern sun.
August 5 the brigade proceeded to Harper’s Ferry and up the Shenandoah Valley to Strasburgh, where in a skirmish the Second Regiment lost two men on the 14th. The 16th the brigade returned to Charlestown, Va., remaining until the 21st when they were attacked by the enemy. The brigade was subjected to a destructive fire from 9 A. M. until dark. The loss of the Fifth Regiment was six killed and wounded and in the Eleventh thirty-two, including the gallant Lieutenant-Colonel George E. Chamberlain, who was wounded early in the day, while bravely leading his battalion, and died soon afterward. In the report of Colonel J. M. Warner, in command of the Eleventh, he pays high tribute of praise to Captain A. Brown, jr., of the Fifth, and Major Aldace F. Walker of the Eleventh, as well as to many others in the brigade.
The brigade lay at Harper’s Ferry from the 22d to the 29th of August, when it moved to Charlestown, remaining in that vicinity until September 19, making in the mean time a reconnoissance to the Opequan River, where a slight skirmish was had. On the 19th the brigade crossed the Opoquan in early morning and went into position under heavy shelling on the Winchester pike. In front was a section of rolling country, the crests being held by the enemy, so as to command the valleys through which our forces must pass to the attack. The advance was therefore made rapidly over the crest in face of a galling musketry fire, and the enemy was driven back in confusion. About one o’clock the brigade was compelled to fall back half a mile, having suffered severely. About 3 P. M. the entire line again advanced. The Vermont Brigade was exposed from the time when they reached within a mile of Winchester to a heavy musketry fire in front and an enfilading fire from a battery on the left. More than two hundred prisoners were captured by the brigade. The casualties in this engagement were two hundred and fifty-six total, twenty-two of which in killed and wounded occurred in the Fifth Regiment, and eighty-five in the Eleventh, fifty-one in the Sixth, twenty-six in the Third, and thirty-two in the Second. Captain Charles Buxton and Lieutenant Dennis Duhigg of the Eleventh were killed; both excellent officers and recently promoted, the former to major and the latter to a captain.
The brigade participated in the engagement at Fisher’s Hill on the 21st and 22d, and at Mount Jackson on the 23d. October 1 they were in camp at Harrisonburgh, and on the 5th moved to Newmarket; the 6th to Woodstock; on the 7th to Strasburgh; on the 10th to near Fort Royal; on the 13th to Milltown, and on the 14th to Middletown. On the 19th of October the army lay upon the easterly side of Cedar Creek, the Sixth Corps on the right, and the Vermont Brigade holding the extreme right, except one brigade. At day break the enemy attacked in strong force on the left; the Sixth Corps was moved to that part of the line and formed nearly at right angles to its former position, there being now but one brigade on the left of the Vermont. Before the troops could take position Major Walker’s battalion of the Eleventh Regiment and the Fifth and Sixth Regiments, under command of Major Johnson of the Second, were thrown forward as skirmishers and drove in the rebel skirmish line. The brigade then advanced with the division and were soon engaged in a desperate struggle, checking for a time the impetuous advance of the enemy. About this time the right gave way and the division fell back a short distance, the Vermont Brigade in the center, the First Brigade, under Colonel Warner of the Eleventh Regiment, the right, and the Third Brigade the left. Upon this line the enemy made a desperate attack, the brunt of which fell on the Vermont Brigade. General Ricketts, commanding the corps, being wounded, and General Getty, who commanded the Second Division, taking his place, General Grant assumed command of the division and Lieutenant-Colonel Tracy, of the Second Vermont, who was then the ranking officer in the brigade, took command of the brigade. Again the enemy assaulted the lines and were repulsed with great loss, and the left of the brigade suffered severely. The persistent and gallant resistance of the Sixth Corps, of which the brigade was a part, gave opportunity for proper preparations for the final stand in the engagement. Up to that time the tide had been against the Union forces, and the losses had been very heavy. The enemy now made a most determined attack, the Eighth and Sixth Corps receiving the heaviest of it; the whole line soon gave way and was pressed backward toward Newtown.
At this crisis General Sheridan made his memorable appearance on the field. Riding down the pike he halted in front of the Second Brigade and asked what troops they were. “The Sixth Corps!” “The Vermont Brigade!” was shouted simultaneously from the ranks. “Then we are all right!” he exclaimed, and swinging his hat over his head he rode away to the right amid the shouts of the men. Upon his return General Wright took command of the Sixth Corps, General Getty of the Second Division and General Grant of the Vermont Brigade. During the remainder of the engagement the Vermont Brigade shared in the heaviest of the fighting, holding a position much of the time far in advance of the other troops, until the enemy was finally driven back and across Cedar Creek, their lines entirely broken up. Reaching Cedar Creek, the infantry was reorganized, and there also the Vermont Brigade, after a pursuit of the retreating enemy a distance of three miles, was found in advance of the remainder of the troops. The casualties in this engagement were two killed and seventeen wounded in the Fifth Regiment; nine killed and seventy-four wounded in the Eleventh; three killed and thirty-one wounded in the Second Regiment; three killed and thirty-eight wounded in the Third Regiment. Among the killed was Lieutenant Oscar Lee, of the Eleventh. Colonel Amasa S. Tracy and Lieutenant Edward P. Lee were among the wounded and Lieutenant Thomas Kavanagh, of the Fifth.
The brigade moved to Strasburgh on the 21st of October and remained until the 9th of November; thence to Newtown and thence on the 10th to Kearnstown, where they performed picket duty until December 9. They were then transported to Washington and thence to City Point; thence to Mead’s Station, and on the 13th moved out on the Squirrel Level Road to works previously occupied by the Fifth Corps. Here the brigade went into winter quarters, but the picket duty was very severe. On the 25th of March the corps charged upon Fort Fisher, capturing nearly the whole of the enemy’s picket line. The losses were not severe.
On the 2d day of April the Vermont Brigade was hotly engaged in the final struggle which resulted in the evacuation of Petersburg and Richmond. In the night of the 1st the brigade moved out from camp and took position near the skirmish line entrenchments which had been captured from the enemy a few days earlier. The Second Divison was in the center of the Sixth Corps and the Vermont Brigade on the left of the division. At one o’clock the corps was in position and lay down to await the attack. About two o’clock a heavy fire was opened along the entire skirmish line, which was vigorously replied to by the enemy. During this fire Brevet Major-General L. A. Grant was wounded, and the command of the brigade devolved upon Lieutenant-Colonel Tracy, of the Second Regiment. At the signal agreed upon the brigade moved out of the entrenchments and pressed forward toward the enemy’s line, driving in their skirmishers; then with a cheer the command charged forward towards the enemy’s works, five hundred yards distant. When half the distance was passed they were assailed by a heavy rain of musket balls, with an enfilading artillery fire from the forts on either hand. The line wavered momentarily, but again pushed on under a terrific fire, all vieing with each other in the race to be first at the works. The enemy could not withstand the assault and fled; two earthworks, one on the right of a ravine, containing four guns, and the other on the left with two guns, were captured. The honor of being the first to break the enemy’s line was awarded to the Vermont Brigade, and Captain Charles G. Gould is said to have been the first man of the Sixth Corps to mount the enemy’s works. His regiment was in the first line of the brigade and in the charge he was far in advance of his command. Upon mounting the works he was severely wounded in the face by a bayonet thrust and was struck by clubbed muskets; but he slew the man who wielded the bayonet and retired only when his command had come to his assistance and the rebels were routed. Beyond the works the brigade was halted briefly to re-form, and then the pursuit of the flying enemy continued for about four miles to near Hatcher’s Run — a charge that must go down into history as one of the most brilliant and successful of the war. Nothing could withstand the onward-pressing troops.
Brevet-Major Elijah Wales, of the Second Regiment, with two men captured a piece of artillery, and turning it on the enemy, fired a charge which the rebels had placed in the gun. Major William J. Sperry, of the Sixth, and Lieutenant George A. Bailey, of the Eleventh, with a few men, captured two guns and turned them on the routed enemy. Captain George G. Tilden, of the Eleventh, with about a dozen men, captured two pieces, eleven commissioned officers and sixty-two men of the Forty-second Mississippi. Sergeant Lester G. Hack, of Company F, Fifth Regiment, charged a squad of rebels surrounding a stand of colors, knocked down the bearer and captured the flag. Corporal Charles W. Dolloff, Company K, Eleventh Regiment, also captured a stand of colors; and there were too many deeds of individual heroism to mention here. About nine o’clock A. M. the brigade moved back along the line of works to a point about three miles south of Petersburg and formed in line of battle with the Eleventh on the right, the Second, Third, Fifth, Sixth and Fourth Regiments on its left, in the order named. An advance was made and a battery of artillery captured in the yard of the Turnbrell House, where General Lee had his headquarters. Captain Robert Templeton, with a squad of men of the Eleventh, was conspicuous in planning and executing the feat. That night the brigade established its headquarters at the Turnbrell House; the last stand of the enemy before Petersburg was ended. The casualties among the Rutland county men were six killed and thirty-four wounded in the Fifth Regiment, and five killed and forty-five wounded in the Eleventh. Among the killed was Lieutenant George O. French, of the Eleventh, who fell in the first assault, and Charles C. Morey, of the Second. Major-General Meade, in his official report, speaks of the gallant attack of the Sixth Corps, on the 2d of April, as “the decisive movement of the campaign.” Petersburg was evacuated that afternoon and Richmond the next morning.
The brigade joined in the pursuit of Lee, exhibiting the same endurance and patience on that hard march that had before characterized their movements. Reaching Farmville on the 7th, the brigade was detailed to guard supplies and remained there until the surrender of Lee on the 9th. From there they returned to Burkesville Junction, where they remained until the 23d of April, when they left for Danville; here they remained until May 18, when they were transported to Manchester, Va., and there remained to the 24th. They then marched to Washington and remained in camp near Munson’s Hill until mustered out. On the 28th of June the Vermont Brigade, one of the grandest organizations of the army, ceased to exist as an organization. Battalions of the Second, Third and Fourth Regiments, remaining in the service, were assigned to the Third Brigade, First Division, of a provisional corps, and a battalion of the Eleventh Regiment was transferred to the defenses of Washington.
We have given this noble brigade liberally of our limited space, perhaps to the detriment of the records of other organizations; but the heroic service of this organization seems to demand that no less should be said; indeed, it should be far more. Its full history is yet to be written.
The Seventh Regiment. — This body of volunteers was recruited principally in Rutland county; but Company C was raised chiefly in the western towns of Addison county. The commissioned offficers from this county who served in that company were: Captains Henry M. Porter, of Middlebury, and Henry Stowell, of Vergennes; First Lieutenants Charles McCormic, of Middlebury; Second Lieutenants Henry Hanchet, of New Haven, Isaac N. Collins, of Middlebury, and Henry L. Perry, of Salisbury. The records of their services will be found near the close of this chapter.
The field and staff officers of the Seventh, when organized, were as follows: Colonel, George T. Roberts; lieutenant-colonel, Volney S. Fullam; major, William C. Holbrook; adjutant, Charles E. Parker; quartermaster, E. A. Morse; surgeon, Francis W. Kelley; chaplain, Henry M. Frost; sergeant-major, George Brown; quartermaster-sergeant, Samuel F. Buel; commissary-sergeant, George E. Jones; hospital-steward, Cyrus P. Rising.
It was originally supposed that this regiment would form part of an expedition under General Butler, having for its field of action New Orleans and vicinity; but many of the regiment would have preferred to join the Army of the Potomac with other Vermont regiments. Through efforts of General Butler, as believed, the regiment was finally placed under his command, much to its future sorrow. The regiment left for New York March 10, and after a long and uncomfortable voyage reached Ship Island on the 5th and 10th of April. No sooner had the regiment landed than the unjust conduct of General Butler began; the quartermaster was placed under arrest because he disembarked the men with their baggage, instead of the men only, as ordered. Little of importance occurred up to the 1st of May, at which time the Union forces occupied New Orleans, and the regiment was soon afterwards ordered there.[Note 1]. They were then ordered to Carrollton, eight miles from the city, reaching there May 16, where they were placed under command of Brigadier-General J. W. Phelps, the former colonel of the First Vermont; many of his old command were in the Seventh Regiment, and the reunion was very grateful.[Note 2].
On the 6th of June the regiment was ordered to Baton Rouge, but did not reach there until the 15th. On the 19th orders were received to embark on transports and take part in a campaign against Vicksburg under General Williams. The force with which the capture of the city was expected to be accomplished numbered only about 3,500 men, Vicksburg was reached on the 25th, and Colonel Roberts rejoined the regiment and took command. Much sickness followed, and the regiment set to work on the famous “cut-off,” which resulted in failure. In his history of the Seventh Regiment, Colonel William C. Holbrook refers to this period as follows: “After a majority of our entire command had been brought down with malarial diseases, from inhaling the fumes and vapors which arose from the soil as it was excavated and exposed to the air and sun, a large auxiliary force of negroes, gathered from the surrounding country, was set to work. But, notwithstanding, the expedition was a failure. The river persisted in falling, and we were not able to dig fast enough to keep pace with it, and so, much to our relief, we were ordered to abandon the enterprise.”
Sickness in the regiment increased until after the first fortnight; there were seldom one hundred men fit for duty, while almost every day one or two died. On the 15th of July the rebel ram Arkansas ran through the squadron of Farragut, only to be followed by the passage of the latter’s vessels by the rebel batteries to his original position below Vicksburg. On this occasion occurred the death of Captain Lorenzo Brooks, of Company F, who was killed on the transport Ceres while in command of a squad of soldiers who had been sent to return the negroes employed on the Buttler ditch.
As an evidence of the deplorable condition of this regiment relative to its health, it should be noted that a few days before the abandonment of the Vicksburg expedition, Captain John H. Kilburn, of Company D, was detailed to take the sick of the regiment to Baton Rouge. They were embarked on board the Morning Light and for three days were detained there awaiting orders and a convoy. There were 350 sick on the boat; the weather was intensely hot and great suffering was experienced. The boat grounded on the first night of the passage, and while striving to get afloat two of the sick died; they were buried in their blankets on the shore. Although Dr. Blanchard was on board, he was unable to do much for the sick, as he had no medicines. Reaching Baton Rouge, the sick were got ashore, but six died during the removal. The main body of the expedition left Vicksburg on the evening of the 24th, the Seventh Regiment forming the rear guard. The organization that had started out thirty-six days previous nearly eight hundred strong, had now less than one hundred fit for duty, and at a review that occurred a few days before the battle of Baton Rouge, two or three of the companies were not represented at all, their services being needed in burying the dead. Among those who fell victims to the climate and exposure was Lieutenant Richard T. Cull, a faithful officer. He was buried at Baton Rouge with military honors.
The battle of Baton Rouge was fought on the 5th of August. The action opened with firing from rebel skirmishers immediately in front of the Seventh, in the early morning before it was light. This was followed by a general attack, and the Union force being outnumbered was driven from stand to stand and finally forced to fall back on the main body, when the action became general. At this stage of the engagement there seems to have been no general understanding of the character of the attack; the Seventh Regiment was drawn up in line of battle in front of its camp, according to orders, and while waiting further instructions the firing on the left became very heavy. Colonel Roberts moved the regiment in that direction, through the thick fog and smoke. Here the men were subjected to the somewhat indiscriminate firing of artillery in the rear, and to prevent casualties from this circumstance, Colonel Roberts moved the regiment back to its former position. It was during this movement that the brave officer fell, as detailed in another paragraph below. When the regiment reached its former position the battle was raging furiously in front of its camp and that of the Twenty-first Indiana. The fog and smoke were so dense that objects could not be seen ten feet distant. Colonel Roberts had hesitated to order his men to begin firing, fearing the Twenty-first Indiana might be directly in front. General Williams at this juncture rode up in a somewhat excited manner and peremptorily ordered the firing to open. The colonel promptly gave the order, and firing began. Only a few volleys had been fired when it was learned that the Indiana regiment was suffering from the shots, as Colonel Roberts had feared would be the case. Colonel Roberts did not hesitate to give the order to cease firing. This was his last command, as he immediately fell with a severe wound in his neck. From this time through the engagement the regiment, commanded temporarily by Captain, afterward Major, Porter, bore an honorable share. Colonel N. A. M. Dudley, in command of the right wing, embracing the Seventh, said in his report: “It cannot be expected that I should mention the brave exploits of persons, or even regiments, particularly when all did so well. On no occasion did I see a single regiment misbehave; all seemed to act with coolness and determination that surprised even ourselves after the excitement was over. . . . Captain Manning (after having fallen back) quickly rallied his men and went into battery on the right of the Indiana Twenty-first, well supported on the right by the Seventh Vermont. . . . In the mean time the enemy appeared in strong force directly in front of the Indiana Twenty-first, Vermont Seventh and Massachusetts Thirtieth. At one time these three brave regiments stood face to face with the enemy, within forty yards, for full one hour. The contest for this piece of ground was terrific.” Other reports corroborated these statements in full. Many of the officers and men, among them Captain Peck, left their hospital beds to join the fight.
Colonel Roberts died on the 7th, two days after the battle. The following appeared in the New Orleans Delta, and it is but just to his memory that it should be copied here: ” . . The Seventh Vermont Regiment, which had just returned from severe service at Vicksburg, participated in the battle at Baton Rouge.
It is sufficient evidence that they were at their post discharging faithfully the trust reposed in them, that their gallant colonel, George T. Roberts, fell mortally wounded in the thickest of the fight. He was a true patriot and an honorable, high-minded man. He first went into the service as a lieutenant in Company A, of the First Vermont Volunteers. When the Seventh was called for he was tendered the colonelcy, and in every particular has proved the selection a good one, and though dying in a glorious cause his loss will be severely felt, both by his regiment and his many friends in his native State where he was so well and widely known.” Colonel Roberts’s remains were brought to Rutland where where his obsequies were very largely attended
On the 20th of August Baton Rouge was evacuated and the Seventh Regiment returned to Carrollton, going into camp there with other troops. This was another most unhealthy locality and soon acquired the name of the “camp of death.” On the 26th Lieutenant-Colonel Fullam resigned and William C. Holbrook was made Colonel. Captains Peck and Porter were promoted, the former to lieutenant-colonel and the latter to major of the regiment. Captain E. A. Morse, the efficient quartermaster, also resigned to accept promotion. On the 8th of September, Surgeon Francis W. Kelly resigned and Assistant-Surgeon Enoch Blanchard was promoted to the office.
When the Seventh reached Carrollton it was reported that statements derogatory to the conduct of the regiment at Baton Rouge had emanated from some of the Indiana officers. Upon the strength of such reports as reached General Butler, he revised his official reports as far as they referred to the conduct of the Seventh and issued his childish and unjust “Order 62,” in which he condemned the regiment for its alleged conduct at Baton Rouge. It must suffice for us to merely state that history will accept Colonel Dudley’s report, written by an officer who saw what he wrote about, as against General Butler’s tirade, based upon prejudiced reports of others. A long and bitter controversy followed, ending in a court of inquiry, the findings of which were such as to entirely exonerate the regiment from all blame and sustain its honor and bravery in every particular. General Butler thereupon, perforce, issued his “Order 98,” in which he retracted his charges and insinuations.
We have alluded to the unhealthiness of the camp at Carrollton. Sickness followed until the regiment was practically unfit for duty; but the men were forced to remain there until Sepember 30, when they were removed to Camp Kearney, a short distance below Carrollton, a slightly more wholesome place. On the 4th of November another move was made to New Orleans. A few days later orders were received to start for Pensacola, Fla., and on the 13th of November the regiment embarked for that point. The destination was reached the following day, after a most uncomfortable trip. Here the climate and salubrious air soon improved the condition of the men. In Colonel Holbrook’s history of the regiment is given the following tabular statement of deaths in the regiment from 1862 to 1866 inclusive, showing how great a mortality from sickness was reached in the first year, as compared with the casual ties of subsequent years:
. 1862 1863 1864 1865 1866 .Total
Commissioned Officers 4 2 1 .. .. 7
Non-Commissioned Officers 1 .. 1 .. .. 2
Company A 26 1 2 3 1 33
Company B 32 2 9 2 .. 45
Company C 14 5 .. 4 .. 23
Company D 20 3 1 3 .. 27
Company E 36 1 4 7 .. 48
Company F 24 .. 3 3 .. 30
Company G 31 6 5 3 .. 45
Company H 44 5 4 4 .. 57
Company I 37 5 3 4 .. 47
Company J 26 3 6 8 .. 43
___ __ __ __ __ ___
Total 295 31 39 41 1 407
The period of about a month was passed by the regiment in building a stockade in anticipation of an attack predicted by the redoubtable General Neal Dow, then in command at that point. The attack was not made, and on the 29th of December the regiment, with other troops, engaged in an armed reconnoissance to Oakfield; no enemy was encountered.
Early in January Lieutenant Henry French died of fever contracted in the fatal Vicksburg campaign, and his remains were sent home.
Scouting parties were the order of the service until spring. On the 17th of February Companies B and G, under Captain Dutton, started on one of these expeditions. Near Oakfield they were attacked by the enemy’s cavalry; a skirmish, which degenerated into a running fight, ensued, until Oakfield was reached, when the enemy retired. About this time orders were received to evacuate Pensacola, and on the 20th of February the regiment proceeded to Fort Pickens on Santa Rosa Island. On the 28th of March Companies A, D and G were detailed for duty as artillerists in this fort, which had previously been garrisoned by U. S. Regulars. Nothing of importance occurred to the command while on this island, and on the 19th of June, when Colonel Holbrook was placed in command of the troops of Western Florida, the regiment, excepting the companies last named, was removed by him to Barrancas, where a pleasant camp was formed and named “Camp Roberts” in honor of the dead colonel of the regiment. Little active service was seen by the regiment during the summer and autumn. On the 6th of September Colonel Holbrook sent out a reconnoitering party under Captain Mahlon M. Young and Lieutenant Jackson V. Parker; they captured a party of rebels at the headquarters of the Spanish Consul, who was in sympathy with the South. An attempt was made and repeated to secure the release of these prisoners, from both Captain Young and later from Colonel Holbrook, but the efforts failed; it was claimed that they entered the town under a flag of truce and that they were under the protection of the Spanish Consulate.
On the 10th of September an accident of a serious nature occurred at the fort. The picket line had been repeatedly fired upon in front of the fort, and the gunners were in training to get the range of the woods whence the firing came, when an eight-inch howitzer exploded while being served by a detachment of Company I; the discharge was caused by the carelessness of the corporal whose duty it was to thumb the vent of the gun. Private Robert Ripley, of Company I, had his right arm blown off, and sustained other injuries, which caused his death within a few days, and Private James B. Royce was blown into the air and picked up for dead; to every one’s surprise, however, he survived, with a badly shattered left arm, which was subsequently amputated. He was also badly burned and bruised.
During the month of September yellow fever was developed in that region, and on the 5th of November Corporal Lucius O. Wilkins, of Company B, died of the disease, and on the 17th Lieutentant Rollin M. Green, one of the best officers in the regiment, was stricken down from the same cause.
On the 7th of November Colonel Holbrook was relieved by Brigadier-General A. Asboth, and assigned to the command of the First Brigade, then consisting of the Seventh Vermont (less the detached companies) under Lieutenant-Colonel Peck, and two colored regiments. From this time until spring nothing of special moment, outside of several successful scouting expeditions, occurred in the regiment.
On the 13th of February, 1864, Lieutenant Frank N. Finney, of Company D, returned from Vermont with one hundred and ten recruits for the regiment. During the same month all of the enlisted men of the regiment remaining from those originally mustered in, except fifty-eight, re-enlisted for three years further service, or for the war, the War Department having previously decided that the original term of service would expire June 1, 1864. By the provisions of this order the re-enlisted men were entitled to a thirty days’ furlough. The embarkation for this furlough was made August 10.
During the spring and early summer there were some changes of minor importance in the duties of the regiment, and while the rebels were busily strengthening their position, Farragut was preparing for an attack upon Forts Morgan and Gaines, at the entrance to Mobile Bay. The rebel reinforcements and supplies passed over the railroad running from Pollard and beyond to Mobile. General Asboth conceived a scheme for the destruction of this then important line. An expedition was fitted out consisting of four companies, A, B, E, and H, of the Seventh Vermont, Schmidt’s New York Cavalry, the First Florida Cavalry, the Eighty-third and Eighty-sixth United States Colored Regiments and two mountain howitzers, the latter under command of Adjutant Sheldon. Barrancas was left by the expedition July 21. The enemy was encountered at Gonzales Station in a rude square redoubt, and were gallantly assaulted by A and E companies, under Captains Mosely and Smalley. The charge was so gallantly conducted that the rebels fled from their works. Colonel Holbrook says: “Although this affair can hardly be called a battle, yet for over an hour the Seventh was exposed to a severe musketry fire. No troops could have behaved better than they did.” Owing to the fact, which was learned from a deserter, that Colonel Maury was marching towards General Asboth’s force with four thousand men, it was decided to retreat, and Barrancas was reached on the 24th.
The Seventh Regiment reached their homes after a long and tedious voyage on the 26th of August, and were handsomely received by Governor Smith and the citizens of Brattleboro. On the 13th of September Lieutenant John Q. Dickinson, who had for some time acted as quartermaster of the regiment, received his commission as such. He was subsequently made captain of Company F, and was honorably discharged for disability October 10, 1865. He remained in the South after the close of the war, and having taken some part in political affairs in Florida, was warned by the Ku Klux to leave the State. He paid no attention to the threats made in case he disobeyed the warning, and was shot by cowardly assassins who were hidden in darkness. His remains were returned to his northern home.
On the 30th of September the regiment again turned its face southward, reaching New Orleans on the 13th of October, 1864. During the absence of the regiment at home, Captain Mahlon Young was killed while leading a charge against the enemy in the streets of Marianna. Colonel Holbrook says of him: “Captain Young was a fine specimen of the volunteer soldier. Always cool and collected, his advice was invariably sound and valuable. He was courageous as a lion and ever ready to go wherever he felt that his duty called him.”
While stationed at Annunciation Square, New Orleans, the Seventh Regiment was principally employed in guard duty. On the 19th of February the regiment was ordered to Mobile Point, to take part in the operations against that city. The regiment was assigned to Brigadier-General Benton’s division of the Thirteenth Corps, and on the 17th of March began a march to flank the defenses of Mobile on the western shore and operate against those on the eastern shore. This march, which was one of almost unparalleled difficulties in the way of mud, rain and exposure, continued until the 23d, when the regiment went into camp on the north fork of Fish River. On the 25th another forward movement was made, which continued through the 26th, involving considerable skirmishing with the enemy. On the 27th preparations were made to attack the “Spanish Fort.” Benton’s Division, embracing the Seventh, moved forward in the morning, each regiment in line of battle, directly towards the fort, with other corps on the right and left. The brigade to which the Seventh was attached was not halted until within 600 hundred yards of the rebel earthworks, and midway between the old Spanish Fort and Red Fort, the guns of which commanded the position through a long ravine. Here the regiment lay all day long, exposed to a heavy fire of musketry and artillery. The men lay on the ground most of the time. Soon after the first halt in the morning, Captain Salmon Dutton was ordered with his company (G) to relieve a portion of the skirmish line. He remained out until after nightfall, several of his men being wounded, when he was relieved by Captain George E. Croft, with D company. They were in turn relieved by Companies I and H, both of which were exposed to heavy firing during the day. During the 28th the regiment was exposed to heavy shelling at a point a little in rear, where it had camped, after being relieved by the Ninety-first Illinois. On the evening of the 28th Companies F (Captain Edgar M. Bullard) and C (Captain Henry Stowell) were ordered on the skirmish line with orders to advance as far as possible, intrenching as they proceeded. This duty was thoroughly performed. From this time to April 13 the siege of the fort progressed with the utmost vigor and determination, and every day the Seventh was engaged in dangerous picket duty, labor in the trenches or repelling sorties by the enemy.
We cannot here enter into the details of all of these operations, which are graphically described in Colonel Holbrook’s history of the regiment. The chief occurrence in the Seventh was the capture of Captain Stearns with twenty men on the skirmish line on the night of the 31st, where he had with great bravery maintained a most dangerous position. Captain Stearns was paroled and sent to the parole camp, Vicksburg. After thirteen days of active operations the fort was abandoned and the works occupied by the Union forces on the 8th of April.
Early on the morning of the 9th the regiment was ordered to Blakely, which had been, since April 2, besieged by General Steele and his force from Pensacola. As the regiment drew near Steele’s line heavy firing was heard. The Seventh did not share in the subsequent assault by which the rebel works were carried. On the morning of the 11th the division containing the Seventh marched back towards Spanish Fort to Stark’s Landing, where they embarked on transports. During this march news of the fall of Richmond reached the troops. On the 12th they proceeded to Mobile city, where arrangements had already been made to turn the place over to the Union forces. The following morning Benton’s division was ordered in pursuit of the fleeing enemy; they marched through the city and to a station on the Mobile and Ohio Railroad called Whistler, where the shops of the road were located. The Seventh was in the advance with the Fiftieth Indiana. Colonel Day, just before reaching the station, turned to the left, leaving the Seventh and Fiftieth to proceed along the track. Firing was soon heard in the direction taken by him, and he sent back for support. The Seventh and the Indiana regiment were hurried forward at a double quick and they were soon under a heavy fire, but somewhat protected by woods. The rebels were on a slight eminence beyond a marsh over which was a bridge; this bridge had been fired, and the Ninety-first Illinois in attempting to get through the marsh was fairly stalled. Colonel Holbrook attempted, but unsuccessfully, to form the Indiana regiment, and then formed the Seventh, which rushed ahead under a heavy fire and was soon at the bridge. Here they were changed into column and hurried across the burning bridge. Across the bridge line of battle was again formed and firing begun; but the enemy soon retreated precipitately.
The regiment remained at Whistler till the 19th, when the division was marched to a place on the Tombigbee River, about forty miles from Mobile, and went into camp. Here came the news of the assassination of the president. Although Lee surrendered on the 9th and Johnson on the 27th, operations in the southwest still continued. General Taylor, with his force of rebels, was in the immediate front of the division, and to him notice was sent that the existing truce must end, as the United States government did not approve of the Sherman-Johnston armistice. On the morning of May 2 Colonel Holbrook, with the Seventh and Fiftieth Indiana, was ordered out on a scout; but negotiations for Taylor’s surrender were renewed and no action followed; the two regiments returned, and the next day the division proceeded to Mobile.
Colonel Holbrook resigned on the 2d of June, 1865, and from that time until the regiment returned north it was in service in Texas. The command, under Lieutenant-Colonel Peck, sailed for Brazos, where they arrived June 5, and went into camp, remaining until the 14th, when they proceeded to the mouth of the Rio Grande and went into camp. On the 14th of July the one year recruits were mustered out. August 2 the regiment broke camp and marched to Brownsville, about thirty miles up the river, and remained there in camp until mustered out in March, 1866. On the 26th of August Colonel Peck resigned, and Lieutenant-Colonel Porter was commissioned colonel, Major Bullard, lieutenant-colonel, and Captain Smalley, major. Subsequently Major Smalley resigned, and Captain George E. Croft was commissioned major.
On the 14th of March the regiment was mustered out at Brownsville, but proceeded in a body to New Orleans, and thence to Brattleboro, Vt., where it disbanded. A grand and merited reception was given the veterans at Brattleboro. The regiment was the last volunteer organization of Vermont to be disbanded. No more gallant regiment than the Seventh was ever sent out by the State.
The Ninth Regiment.-Although this organization contained only a few recruits from this county, it merits brief attention. It was mustered into service July 9, 1862, for three years. Company C was recruited principally in the southwestern and western towns of the county, a large number of its members being from Addison. The commissioned officers in the company from this county were: Captains, none; First Lieutenants James F. Bolton and Herbert H. Moore, of Middlebury; Charles F. Branch, of Orwell; Second Lieutenants Herbert H. Moore, George W. Sneden, of New Haven, and Luman Smith, of Addison. Edwin S. Stowell, of Cornwall, was the first major of the regiment, and went out as captain of Company F, Fifth Regiment.
This regiment was captured almost entire at Harper’s Ferry in September, 1862, before it had seen much service. January 10, 1863, it was exchanged and retained at Chicago guarding prisoners until April 1. The regiment was thence transferred to Fortress Monroe; thence to Suffolk, Va.; thence to West Point, Va., and thence to Yorktown. They remained here until October, 1863, suffering severely from disease; at one period out of 350 men present, only thirty-six were fit for duty. In October they were transferred to Newport Barracks, near Newbern. Except occasional reconnoissances, the regiment did not participate in much field service until February 2, 1864, when the enemy made an advance upon Newport. A warm engagement followed, in which the regiment lost two lieutenants and sixty-four men killed, wounded and missing. On the 20th of June the regiment marched with other troops upon an expedition into the interior with a view of cutting the Wilmington and Weldon Railroad; the expedition proved fruitless, and the march was a very severe one.
On the 31st of August the regiment was ordered to Bermuda Hundreds, and they soon entered upon a more active campaign. They arrived on the 15th of September and were assigned to the First Brigade, Second Division of the Eighteenth Corps. On the 17th the regiment was joined by one hundred and seventy recruits, bringing its effective strength up to nearly 875.
On the 29th of September the battle was fought at Chapin’s Farm. The regiment broke camp at 1 o’clock A. M. and crossed the James River at Aiken’s Landing at daybreak. The advance of four miles to Chapin’s Farm was made, where the brigade (comprising the Eighth Maine and the Ninth Vermont Regiments) was ordered to charge one of the rebel works at that point. The Maine regiment became entangled in a swamp and the Ninth made the charge alone, over a half mile of rough, brush-covered ground, carried the work and captured two guns and about fifty prisoners. The regiment was under fire the entire day and every man behaved with the utmost bravery. The casualties were seven killed and thirty-eight wounded.
The Ninth Regiment remained stationed in this vicinity, with some unimportant changes, until the evacuation of Richmond. On the 27th of October they participated in the engagement on Williamsburgh Road (Fair Oaks), fully sustaining the record for bravery already acquired by them. Early in November the regiment was transferred to New York city, where they performed excellent service during the troubled times of the election of that year, and on the 17th of November they returned to the brigade. During this time Colonel Ripley was in command of the brigade; in December he resumed command of the regiment.
When the reorganization of army corps occurred in December the Ninth was attached to the Second Brigade, Third Division, Twenty-fourth Corps. At the inspection of regiments, under general orders of January 17, 1865, to determine which were the best regiments and brigades and divisions, the Ninth Vermont gained the post of honor in its division. On the 20th of February the regiment was first pronounced the best in the brigade, and under provisions of a general order was excused from all picket and outside detail for one week. On the 6th March they were again pronounced the best in the brigade and excused again from all picket and outside detail for a week; and on the 10th of March, after careful inspection at division headquarters they were announced in orders to be the best regiment in the division-a division comprising twenty regiments and which was, in the opinion of the corps commander, “as completely fitted for the field as a command could well be”-and the regiment was again excused from details for an additional week. The officers and men of the regiment were justly proud of the distinction thus obtained, not merely upon their own account, but for the honor thereby conferred upon their State. Before the period had terminated during which the regiment had been excused from details, the men of the regiment made application to be allowed to again go upon duty to relieve their comrades of the brigade whose duties were rendered exceedingly arduous by the excuse of this regiment. This act of genuine good-will called forth another complimentary order from division headquarters.
The regiment was one of the first to enter Richmond after its evacuation and was stationed in that city until mustered out. On the 13th of June the original members of the regiment and the recruits whose terms of service were to expire before the 1st of October were mustered out. The remaining members of the regiment were consolidated into a battalion of four companies, which were stationed at Richmond for a time, and then moved to Portsmouth, Va., and mustered out December 1, 1865.
First Vermont Cavalry. — It is a difficult task, with ample space and the best of sources of information, to write a proper and comprehensive history of the deeds of a gallant cavalry regiment; this must be the excuse if this brief record of the First Vermont Cavalry seems inadequate. In this gallant regiment were many Addison county men-about one hundred and thirty in all. Nearly all of Company K was recruited in Bridport and towns immediately adjoining. The officers of the company who bore commissions and were from this county were Captains Franklin Moore and John S. Ward, of Shoreham; First Lieutenants John S. Ward and Jonas R. Rice, Bridport; Second Lieutenant Ozro F. Cheney, of Bridport. The promotions and services are noted on a later page. The other enlistments from the county were in other companies.
The regiment was mustered into the service November 19, 1861, for three years. The original members, not veterans, were mustered out November 18, 1864. The recruits for one year and recruits whose term of service would expire previous to October 1, 1865, were mustered out June 21, 1865. The remaining officers and men were then consolidated into a battalion of six companies, which was mustered out August 9, 1865.
The history of cavalry regiments is always replete with stirring incidents — rapid marches, fearless and brilliant charges and desperate hand-to-hand encounters, the details of which, while often of paramount interest, require ample space for their proper description. We are therefore forced to confine ourselves here to mere statistics. The long list of engagements in which the First Cavalry shared honorable and often the most important part, tells the brief story of what they did and endured. Beginning with Mount Jackson they served in engagements of more or less importance at Port Republic, April 27, 1862; Middletown, May 24, 1862; Winchester, May 25, 1862; Luray Court-House, July 2, 1862; Culpepper Court-House, July 10, 1862; Orange Court-House, August 2, 1862; Kelley’s Ford, August 20, 1862; Waterloo Bridge, August 22, 1862; Bull Run, August 30, 1862; Ashby’s Gap, September, 1862; Broad Run, April 1, 1863; Greenwich, May 30, 1863; Hanover, Pa., June 30, 1863; Huntersville, Pa., July 2, 1863; Gettysburg, July 3, 1863; Monterey, July 4, 1863; Lightersville, Md., July 5, 1863; Hagerstown, Md., July 6, 1863; Boonesborough, Md., July 8, 1863; Hagerstown, Md., July 13, 1863; Falling Waters, July 14, 1863; Port Conway, August 25, 1863; Port Conway, September 1, 1863; Culpepper Court-House, September 13, 1863; Somerville Ford, September 14, 1863; Raccoon Ford, September 26, 1863; Falmouth, October 4, 1863; James City, October 10, 1863; Brandy Station, October 5, 1863; Gainesville, October 18, 19, 1863; Buckland Mills, October 19, 1863; Morton’s Ford, November 28, 1863; Mechanicsville, March 1, 1864; Piping Tree, March 2, 1864; Craig’s Church, May 5, 1864; Spottsylvania, May 8, 1864; Yellow Tavern, May 11, 1864; Meadow Bridge, May 12, 1864; Hanover Court-House, May 31, 1864; Ashland, June 1, 1864; Hawe’s Shop, June 3, 1864; Bottom Bridge, June 10, 1864; White Oak Swamp, June 13, 1864; Malvern Hill, June 15, 1864; Reams’s Station, June 22, 1864; Nottaway Court-House, June 23, 1864; Keyesville, June 24, 1864; Roanoke Station, June 25, 1864; Stony Creek, June 28, 29, 1864; Reams’s Station, June 29, 1864; Ridley’s Shop, June 30, 1864; Winchester, August 17, 1864; Summit Point, August 21, 1864; Charlestown, August 22, 1864, Kearneysville, August 25, 1864; Opequan, September 19, 1864; Front Royal, September 21, 1864; Mooney’s Grade, September 21, 1864; Milford, September 22, 1864; Waynesborough, September 28, 1864; Columbia Furnace, October 7, 1864; Tom’s Brook, October 9, 1864; Cedar Creek, October 13, 1864; Cedar Creek, October 19, 1864; Middle Road, November 11, 1864; Middle and Back Road, November 12, 1864; Lacy’s Springs, December 20, 1864; Waynesborough, March 2, 1865; Five Forks, April 1, 1865; Namozine Church, April 3, 1865; Appomattox Station, April 8, 1865; Appomattox Court-House, April 9, 1865.
The total losses in this regiment during the term of service embracing the above list of actions was three hundred and ninety-seven by death; sixty-three of these were killed in action. No other cavalry regiment bears a better record than the First Vermont.
Second Battery Light Artillery. – In November, 1861, a recruiting station was established at Leicester for the purpose of raising the Second Battery Light Artillery, and Lensie R. Sayles was appointed recruiting officer on the 19th of that month. The battery was organized December 13, 1861, composed of Captain Lensie R. Sayles and eighty-nine men, who were mustered into service December 16, 1861; twenty men were added on the 24th, making an aggregate of one hundred and nine men, who were distributed among the towns of the county as follows:
Addison, 3; Bristol, 6; Ferrisburgh, 7; Goshen, 7; Granville, 2; Leicester, 18; Lincoln, 1; Middlebury, 2; Monkton, 1; New Haven, 2; Panton, 2; Salisbury, 13; Starksboro, 3; Vergennes, 11; Whiting, 5. Among the officers of this battery who were from Addison county were Captain Lensie R. Sayles, of Leicester; Lieutenant Benjamin N. Dyer, of Leicester; Lieutenant Perry A. Baker, of Whiting.
The battery left the State for New Orleans on the 6th of February, 1862. Its entire operations were confined to the Department of the Gulf, of which we have but meager details. In March, 1863, they were at Baton Rouge, and during the latter part of the same year, and down to the time of their muster out, they were established at Port Hudson, in the siege of which position they did honorable and valuable service. The losses of the battery were fifty-four total by death, forty-seven of whom died from disease. After the muster out of the original members the battery was largely reinforced and thus retained its organization.
The battery was mustered out at Burlington on the 31st of July, 1865.
Nine Months Men — Under the call of the president for 300,000 nine months men, made in August, 1862, five regiments were recruited in Vermont, in one of which, the Fourteenth, Addison county was largely represented. Company E was raised almost entirely in Middlebury and Weybridge by its captain, Edwin Rich; its first lieutenant was Henry B. Needham, and second lieutenant, Andrew J. Child, of Weybridge. Company I was more than half made up of men from the town of Addison, and commanded by Captain Solomon T. Allen, of Panton; First Lieutenant Theophilus C. Middlebrook, of Ferrisburgh, and Second Lieutenant Milo A. Williams-afterward by William H. Hamilton, of Fairhaven, and later by John R. Converse, of Panton. Company D was from Bridport, Cornwall and near-by towns and commanded by Captain Charles E. Abell, of Orwell; First Lieutenants John W. Woodruff, of Benson, and Charles W. Corey, of Bridport; Second Lieutenant Don Juan Wright, of Shoreham. Company G was also from the county, a large number being recruited in Lincoln and in Bristol and that vicinity. It was commanded by Captain Noble F. Dunshee, of Bristol; First Lieutenant John H. Allen, of Hinesburg; Second Lieutenant Charles W. Mason, of New Haven. There were numerous enlistments in other companies also. The subsequent services and promotions of these officers will he found a little further on.
The Seventeenth Regimen received large accessions from this county, particularly from Ferrisburgh and the northwestern towns. Lyman E. Knapp, now of Middlebury, went out with this regiment as captain of Company F; was wounded May 12, 1864, and April 2, 1865; promoted to major November 1, 1864; brevet lieutenant-colonel April 2, 1865, for gallantry in the assault on Petersburg, and mustered out as major July 14, 1865; he was commissioned colonel December 10, 1864. Charles W. Corey, of Bridport, went out as captain of Company H, and was breveted major for gallantry at the Petersburg assault. Joel H. Lucia went out as first lieutenant of Company H; he was also of Bridport. George W. Kingsbury, of Chester, went out as second lieutenant of Company F, and was wounded May 15, 1864, and discharged. John R. Converse, of Panton, went out as second lieutenant of Company H, and was killed before Petersburg; George H. Corey also served as second lieutenant of this company; he was from Bridport. The record of these officers is given in a later page.
The Fourteenth Regiment was commanded by Colonel William T. Nichols, of Rutland; Charles W. Rose, of Middlebury, was lieutenant-colonel; Edwin H. Sprague, of Middlebury, was surgeon; the other field and staff officers were from other counties. Redfield Proctor was made colonel of the Fifteenth Regiment, recruited under this call, and Judge Wheelock G. Veazey, of Rutland, colonel of the Sixteenth. These, with the Thirteenth and Twelfth, were brigaded together, and commanded by Brigadier-General Edwin H. Stoughton, until he was captured, when the command devolved upon Colonel Asa P. Blunt, of the Twelfth. In April, 1863, Brigadier-General George J. Stannard was given the command.
Until June, 1863, the brigade was stationed in front of Washington, the various regiments being located in the vicinity of Fairfax and Wolf Run Shoals, and engaged principally in picket duty. On the 25th of June the brigade left the line of works, under orders to report to Major-General Reynolds, commanding the First Corps. On the evening of July 1 the brigade joined that corps at Gettysburg, after an exhausting march of seven days, during which they made more than one hundred and twenty-five miles. The Twelfth and Fifteenth Regiments were ordered to the rear to protect wagon trains, and did not participate in the battles of the 2d and 3d, although the Fifteenth, under Colonel Proctor, was advanced towards the front after the first order to the rear. To the Twelfth and Fifteenth the order was given that the regiment numbering the most men should go to the front, and the Fifteenth slightly out-counted the Twelfth, but the service of the latter proved fully as important as that of the other, the Fifteenth being again sent to the rear the next day. On the evening of the 2d of July the remaining regiments of the brigade were moved to the front line, to fill the place of troops that had been shattered by the onslaughts of the enemy. To give the reader an idea of the very important and gallant service of this brigade in the Gettysburg battle of the 3d we cannot do better than reproduce a portion of the official report of General Stannard, as follows:
“Before reaching the ground the Twelfth and Fifteenth Regiments were detached, by order of General Reynolds, as a guard to the corps wagon train in the rear. The Fifteenth rejoined the brigade next morning, but was again ordered back for the same duty about noon of that day. After the opening of the battle of the 2d, the left wing of the Thirteenth Regiment, under Lieutenant-Colonel Munson, was ordered forward as a support to a battery, and a company of the Sixteenth was sent out as a support to the skirmishers in our front. While stationing them Captain A. G. Foster, assistant inspector-general of my staff, was seriously wounded by a ball through both legs, depriving me of his valuable services for the remainder of the battle. Just before dark of the same day, our army line on the left of the center having become broken under a desperate charge of the enemy, my brigade was ordered up. The right wing of the Thirteenth Regiment, under command of Colonel Randall, was in advance, and upon reaching the breach in the line was granted by General Hancock, commanding upon the spot, the privilege of making efforts to retake the guns of Company C, Regular Battery, which had just been captured by the enemy.
“This they performed in a gallant charge, in which Colonel Randall’s horse was shot under him. Four guns of the battery were retaken, and two rebel field pieces, with about eighty prisoners, were captured by five companies of the Thirteenth in this single charge. The front line thus re-established, was held by this brigade for twenty-six hours. About two o’clock of the 3d instant the enemy commenced a vigorous attack upon our position. After subjecting us for an hour and a half to the severest cannonade of the whole battle from nearly one hundred guns, the enemy charged with a heavy column of infantry. The charge was aimed directly upon my command, but owing apparently to the firm front shown them, the enemy diverged midway and came upon the line on my right. But they did not thus escape the warm reception prepared for them by the Vermonters. As soon as the change of the point of attack became evident, I ordered a flank attack upon the enemy’s column.
Forming in the open meadow in the front of our line, the Thirteenth and Sixteenth Regiments marched down in column by the flank, changed front forward at right angle to the main line of battle of the army, bringing them in line of battle upon the flank of the charging column of the enemy, and opened a destructive fire at short range, which the enemy sustained but a few minutes before the larger portion of them surrendered and marched in, not as conquerors, but as captives. They had hardly dropped their arms before another rebel column appeared charging upon our left. Colonel Veazey, of the Sixteenth, was at once ordered back to take it in its turn upon the flank. This was done as successfully as before. The rebel force, already decimated by the fire of the Fourteenth Regiment, was scooped up almost en masse into our lines. The Sixteenth took in this charge the regimental colors of the Second Florida and Eighth Virginia Regiments, and the battle flag of another rebel regiment.
“The Sixteenth was supported for a time in the now advanced position it occupied, after the charge, by four companies of the Fourteenth, under command of Lieutenant-Colonel Rose.
“The movements I have briefly described were executed in the open field under a heavy fire of shell, grape and musketry, and they were performed with the promptness and precision of battalion drill. They ended the contest on the center and substantially closed the battle.
“Officers and men behaved like veterans, although it was for most of them their first battle, and I am content to leave it to the witnesses of the fight whether or no they sustained the credit of the service and honor of our Green Mountain Boys.”
Little need to be added of the brilliant part take by this brigade in that memorable battle. It is still characterized as a most important feature of the engagement, particularly the action of the Sixteenth Regiment under Colonel Veazey. The total killed in the brigade were reported as thirty-nine, and wounded two hundred and forty-eight; of these the Fourteenth Regiment lost seventeen killed and sixty-eight wounded.
The terms of service of the regiments in this brigade soon expired and they were mustered out, the Twelfth on the 14th of July; the Thirteenth, July 21st; the Fourteenth, July 30th; the Fifteenth, August 5th, and the Sixteenth, August 10th.
The following statements show the enlistments from the various towns of the county in the various companies and regiments, as given in the State reports, and will prove valuable for reference, with relation to what has preceded:
Second Regiment. – Addison, co. K, 15; co. F, 3. Bridport, co. K, 3. Bristol, co. G, 1; co. K, 2. Cornwall, co. K, 1. Ferrisburgh, co. K, 4; co.
H, 1; co. G, 4. Granville, co. F, 2; s. s., 1. Hancock, co. E, 1; co. D, 1. Leicester, co. K, 1. Lincoln, co. K, 6. Middlebury, co. F, 3; co. K, 5; s. s., 1. Monkton, co. H, 1; co. D, 1; co. G, 1. New Haven, co. K, 9; co. E, 1, s. s. 1. Panton, co. K, 16; co. F, 1; navy, 3; 2 in other organizations. Ripton, co. E, 1; s. s., 1. Salisbury, co K, 13; co. I, 1. Shoreham, co. K, 12. Vergennes, co. K, 16; co. G, 2; co. H, 2; co. F, 8; co. D, 2. Waltham, co. F, 1. Weybridge, co. K, 10; co. F, 1; co. B, 1. Whiting, co. G, 1; co. E, 2.
Fifth Regiment.-Addison, co. B, 1. Bridport, co. F, 10. Bristol, co. F, 9; co. B, 28; co. I, 1. Cornwall, co. B, 5; co. F, 21; co. H, 1; co. K, 1. Ferrisburgh, co. B, 2. Goshen, co. H, 7. Granville, co. I, 1; co. E, 2; 2 in other organizations. Hancock, co. B, 1. Leicester, co. F, 6; co. H, 1. Lincoln, co. F, 3; co. B, 9. Middlebury, co. F, 15; co. B, 45; 2 in other organizations. Monkton, co. B, 1; co. F, 1; 8 in navy. New Haven, co. F, 6; co. B, 13; co. H, 1. Orwell, co. H, 23; co. F, 2; co. A, 2; co. B, 2; navy, 5. Panton, co. B, 1. Ripton, co. F, 17; co. B, 3. Salisbury, co. F, 17; co. B, 1; co. H, 1. Shoreham, co. B, 4; co. F, 2; co. A, 10. Starksboro, co. B, 13; co. K, 8; co. F, 2; and 6 in other organizations. Vergennes, co. E, 1; co. F, 4; co. B, 2. Waltham, co. B, 1. Weybridge, co. F, 4; co. B, 5. Whiting, co. C, 1; co. B, 1; co. H, 1; 1 not recorded.
Sixth Regiment. – Addison, 0. Bridport, co. A, 3. Bristol, co. A, 20; 1 not recorded. Ferrisburgh, co. D, 1; co. I, 2; co. A, 2. Granville, co. G, 8; co. H, 2. Hancock, co. H, 1; co. G, 1. Lincoln, co. A, 18; co. G, 4. Middlebury, co. A, 11. Monkton, co. A, 18; co. H, 1. New Haven, co. A, 8. Orwell, co. F, 2. Ripton, co. A, 6; co. F, 3; 1 not recorded. Salisbury, co. F, 1. Shoreham, co. A, 2. Starksboro, co. A, 7; co. I, 1. Vergennes, co. G, 1; co. A, 11. Weybridge, co. G, 2.
Seventh Regiment. - Addison, co. C, 2. Bridport, co. C, 3. Bristol, co. C, 6; co. K, 1; co. H, 1; 1 not recorded. Cornwall, co. C, 3. Ferrisburgh, co. A, 1; co. B, 7; and 7 in other organizations. Goshen, co. B, 6; co. H, 1. Granvville, co. B, 2; co. C, 2; co. K, 1; co. D, 1. Hancock, co. C, 1; co. A. 1; co. B, 1. Leicester, co. B, 2. Middlebury, co. C, 49; co. H, 1; 1 chaplain. New Haven, co. A, 2; co. C, 11; co. F, 1; co. K, 1. Orwell, co. B, 1. Panton, co. C, 1; co. E, 1. Ripton, co. C, 3. Salisbury, co. C, 13. Starksboro, co. A, 2; co. C, 1; co. H, 3; co. K, 2. Vergennes, co. C, 7; co. K, 1; co.I, 1; co. B, 3; co. H, 2; co. G, 2; 1 in N. C. S. and 1 adj. Weybridge, co. C, 1; 2 not recorded.
Ninth Regiment. – Addison, co. C, 6. Bridport, co. C, 13. Bristol, co. C, 9; co. F, 1; co. E, 1. Cornwall, co. C, 2; 1 major. Ferrisburgh, co. B, 1; co. C, 13. Goshen 1, not in company. Granville, co. B, 1. Hancock, co. C, 3. Leicester co. B, 1; co. D, 1; 2 in other organizations. Lincoln, co. C, 7; co. B, 1; co. D, 1. Middlebury, co. C, 16; co. B, 1. Monkton, co. C, 14; co.
F, 1; co. A, 6. New Haven, co. C, 20; co. I, 1. Orwell, co. C, 6; co. B, 1. Panton, co. C, 1; Ripton, co. C, 2. Starksboro, co. C, 12; co. F, 1; co. B, 12; co. A, 3. Vergennes, co. C, 5. Waltham, co. C, 8. Weybridge, co. C, 3. Whiting, co. I, 2; co. F, 1.
Eleventh Regiment.-Addison, co. B, 18; co. L, 1. Bridport, co. B, 12. Bristol, co. B, 5; co. L, 1; co. E, 1. Cornwall, co. B, 7; co. A, 1; 1 A. S. Ferrisburgh, co. B, 9; co. L, 2; co. E, 1. Goshen, co. C, 1. Granville, co. B, 9; co. D, 1. Hancock, co. B, 7; co. D, 1. Leicester, co. B, 1; co. C, 1; co. H, 2; co. K, 1. Lincoln, co. L, 1; co. H, 5. Middlebury, co. L, 1; co. B, 5; co. D, 1; co. K, 1. Monkton, co. B, 4; co. E, 1; co. M, 1. New Haven, co. B, 3; co. E, 1; co. M, 1. Orwell, co. B, 11; co. C, 8; co. K, 2. Panton, co. B, 1. Ripton, co. B, 1; co. L, 1. Salisbury, co. B, 6. Shoreham, co. B, 17; co. M, 1. Starksboro, co. C, 1; co. L, 1. Vergennes, co. B, 1; co. E, 1; co. L, 1; 1 sur. Weybridge, co. B, 4; 1 chaplain. Whiting, co. B, 10; co. C, 1; co. M, 1.
Fourteenth Regiment. – Addison, co. I, 15; co. D, 1; co. E, 1. Bridport, co. D, 17. Bristol, co. G, 17; co. I, 2. Cornwall, co. D, 13; co. E, 4. Ferrisburgh, co. I, 20; co. G, 1. Goshen, co. I, 3. Granville, co. I, 5. Hancock, co. E, 1. Lincoln, co. G, 13. Middlebury, co. E, 54. Monkton, co. G, 9; co. I, 3. New Haven, co. G, 9; co. I, 5; 1 S. M. Orwell, co. D, 18; co. E, 1. Panton, co. I, 6. Ripton, co. E, 1. Salisbury, co. E, 11. Shoreham, co. D, 19; co. E, 3. Starksboro, co. I, 6; co. G, 20. Vergennes, co. I, 5. Waltham, co. E, 1. Weybridge, co. E, 14. Whiting, co. E, 6; co. D, 1; co. K, 1.
Seventeenth Regiment – Addison, co. G, 3; co. H, 1. Bridport, co. H, 5; co. K, 1; co. E, 1. Bristol, co. H, 5; co. B, 1. Cornwall, co. H, 1. Ferrisburgh, co. B, 12; co. F, 1. Granville, co. D, 5; co. H, 1. Hancock, co. H, 3. Lincoln, co. H, 4. Middlebury, co. H, 3; co. D, 1. Monkton, co. B, 1; co. H, 1. New Haven, co. C, 2; 3 in other organizations. Panton, co. I, 1. Salisbury, co. H, 3. Starksboro, co. H, 4. Whiting, co. H, 1.
To conclude this record of the immence services of the men of Addison county in suppressing the most gigantic rebellion the world has ever known, it should be stated that many recruits from this county and vicinity were enlisted in the sharpshooters, artillery and other organizations, the records of which cannot be expected we should follow in these pages; their history will be properly traced by abler hands in other volumes.
In order that the individual promotions of Addison county men whose deeds brought them commissions as officers may be understood by the reader, we give place to the following roster. In the absence of more detailed personal sketches, for which space in these pages cannot be allowed, this record will be of great value. It should also be remembered that complete rolls of enlisted men in the various towns in the county will be found in the histories of the towns in later pages of this work. They are placed in that position in order to render each of the town histories complete in itself, and in connection with this chapter, form a very perfect millitary record of this county:
ROSTER OF ADDISON COUNTY FIELD, STAFF, AND COMPANY OFFICERS.
Abell, Charles E., of Orwell, age 26, captain co. D, 14th regt., Oct. 21, ’62. Mustered out of service, July 30, ’63.
Allen, Lewis J., of Ferrisburgh, age 21, private co. F, 1st regt. U. S. S. S., Sept 2, ’61. Sergeant, Sept. 13, ’61. First sergeant. Re-enlisted Jan. 2, ’64. Wounded May 5, ’64. Honorably discharged as first sergeant, October 9, ’64, for wounds.
Allen, Solomon T., of Panton, captain co. I, 14th regt., Oct. 21,’62. Mustered out of service July 30, ’63.
Atwood, Henry C., of Salisbury, age 25, assistant surgeon, 5th regt., May 10, ’63. Resigned June 25, ’63.
Baker, Perry A., of Whiting, age 22, private 3d battery light artillery, Oct. 9, ’61. Sergeant, Dec. 16, ’61. Sergeant-major, Dec. 1, ’62. Second lieutenant, July 17, ’63. First lieutenant, Aug. 22, ’64. Mustered out of service July 31, ’65.
Barney, Edwin A., of Monkton, age 27, private co. A, 6th regt., Sept. 25, ’61. Corporal, Oct. 15, ’61. Sergeant, Aug. 22, ’63. Re-enlisted Dec. 15, ’63. Wounded May 5, ’64. First sergeant, Nov. 1, ’64. Second lieutenant, Nov. 12, ’64. First lieutenant, June 4, ’65. Mustered out of service as second lieutenant June 26, ’65.
Barrett, Daniel E., of Middlebury, age 19, private co. B, Aug. 20, ’61. Corporal, Sept. 16,’61. Sergeant. Re-enlisted Dec. 16, ’63. Wounded Oct. 19, ’64. First lieutenant co. K, Dec. 4, ’64. Captain co. G, June 7, ’65. Mustered out of service June 29, ’65.
Beach, Watson O., of Salisbury, age 29, private co. F, 5th regt. Aug. 26, ’61. Sergeant, Sept. 16, ’61. First sergeant. Second lieutenant, April 14, ’63. First lieutenant, Nov. 1, ’63. Killed in action at Wilderness, Va., May 5, ’64.
Begor, Peter, of Monkton, age 23, private co. A, 6th regt., Oct. 2, ’61. Re-enlisted Dec. 15, ’63. Corporal, June 1, ’64. Sergeant, Nov. 1, ’64. Second lieutenant, June 4, ’65. Mustered out of service as sergeant June 26, ’65.
Bird, Elijah W., of New Haven, age 23, private co. C, Dec. 14, ’63. Corporal Oct. 25, ’64. Transferred to co. A by reason of consolidation of regiment, June 13, ’65. Sergeant, June 14, ’65. First lieutenant, Sept. 2, ’65. Mustered out of service Dec. 1, ’65.
Bird, Riley A., of Bristol, age 25, first lieutenant co. A, 6th regt., Oct. 4, ’61. Captain, Nov. 1, ’62. Killed in action at Wilderness, Va., May 5, ’64.
Bogart, William E., of Weybridge, age 25, chaplain 11th regt., Sept. 1,’62. Resigned Nov. 29, ’62.
Bolton, James F., of Middlebury, age 40, private co. C, 9th regt., May 30, ’62. First sergeant, July 9, ’62. Wounded February 2, ’64. First lieutenant, Jan. 1, ’62. Honorably discharged Nov. 22, ’64, for wounds.
Branch, Charles F., of Orwell, age 23, private co. C, 9th regt., June 23, ’62. Corporal, July 9, ’62. Sergeant, Jan. 27, ’64. First sergeant, Feb. 1, ’64. Second lieutenant co. H, Dec. 21, ’64. First lieutenant co. C, May 20, ’65. Transferred to co. A by reason of consolidation of regiment, June 13, ’65. Captain, Aug. 31, ’65. Mustered out of service Dec. 1, ’65.
Briggs, Gordon N., of Whiting, age 31, private co. F, 9th regt., Feb. 25, ’65. Transferred to co. B by reason of consolidation of regiment, June 13, ’65. Second lieutenant, Sept. 1, ’65. Mustered out of service Dec. 1, 65.
Carroll, Henry, of New Haven, age 37, private co. K, 2d regt., May 15, ’61. First sergeant, June 20, ’61. Second lieutenant July 23, ’62. Wounded July 10, ’63. Prisoner, May 6, ’64. Paroled. Mustered out of service January 6, ’65.
Cheney, Ozro F., of Bridport, age 22, private co. K, frontier cav., Oct. 7, ’61. Corporal, Nov. 19, ’61. Sergeant. Re-enlisted Dec. 31, ’63. First sergeant, Nov. 1, ’64. Second lieutenant, April 14, ’65. Mustered out of service as first sergeant, June 21, ’65.
Child, Andrew J., of Weybridge, age 26, second lieutenant co. E, 14th regt., Oct. 21, ’62. Mustered out of service July 30, ’63.
Collins, Isaac N., of Middlebury, age 20, private co. C, 7th regt., Nov. 20, ’61. Sergeant Feb. 12, ’62. First sergeant, Oct. 10, ’62. Second lieutenant, Jan. 28, ’63. Resigned, Oct. 28, ’63.
Comstock, Olney A., of Middlebury, age 22, second lieutenant co. B, 5th regt., Sept. 16, ’61. Killed in action at Savage Station, Va., June 19, ’62.
Converse, John R., of Panton, age 20, private co. I, 14th regt., Sept. 16, ’62. Second lieutenant July 3, ’63. Mustered out of service July 30, ’63. Re-enlisted first lieutenant co. H, 17th regt., May 19, ’64. Killed in action before Petersburg, Va., July 30, ’64.
Cook, Hiram, of Bristol, age 35, private co. B, 5th regt., August 3, ’61. Sergeant. First sergeant. Re-enlisted Dec. 15, ’63. Wounded May 5, ’64. First lieutenant co. C, Nov. 10, ’64. Captain co. B, May 2, ’65. Mustered out of service June 29, ’65.
Corey, George H., of Bridport, age 18, private co. H, 17th regt., Feb. 29, ’64. Sergeant, April 12, ’64. First sergeant. First lieutenant, July 10, ’65. Mustered out of service as first sergeant July 14, ’65.
Corey, Charles W., of Bridport, age 25, private co. D, 14th regt., Aug. 29, ’62. First sergeant, Oct. 21, ’62. First lieutenant co. D, May 1, ’63. Mustered out of service July 30, ’63.
Corey, Charles W., of Bridport, age 27, captain co. H, 17th regt., May 16, ’64. Brevet major, April 2, ’65, for gallantry in assault on Petersburg, Va., April 2, ’65. Mustered out of service July 14, ’65.
Crane, Albert A., of Bridport, age 24, private co. A, 6th regt., Oct. 3,’61. Sergeant, Oct. 15, ’61. Second lieutenant co. A, Aug. 21, ’62. First lieutenant, Nov. 1, ’62. Killed in action at Wilderness, Va., May 5, ’64.
Crane, Cyrus R., of Bridport, age 25, first lieutenant co. F, 5th regt., Sept. 4, ’61. Captain, June 21, ’62. Transferred to co. K, Jan. 24, ’63. Captain, Dec. 10, ’62. Discharged March 13, ’63, for wounds received in action.
Dayton, Durell W., of Middlebury, age 35, chaplain 2d regt., Aug. 18, ’62. Resigned January 6, ’63.
Decelle, Augustus A., of Shoreham, age 18, private co. K, 2d regt., May 2, ’61. Corporal, Dec. 31, ’62. Re-enlisted Jan. 31, ’64. Sergeant, Aug. 4, ’64. First sergeant, Dec. 24, ’64. First lieutenant, Dec. 24, ’64. Captain, June 7, ’65. Mustered out of service as first lieutenant July 15, ’65.
Drury, Eben M., of Vergennes, age 40, private co. K, 2d regt., May 15, ’61. Sergeant, June 20, ’61. First sergeant. Wounded July 10, ’63, and May 5, ’64. First lieutenant, Aug. 9, ’62. Mustered out of service June 29, 1864.
Dunshee, Noble F., of Bristol, captain co. G, 14th regt., Oct. 21, ’62. Mustered out of service July 30, ’63.
Dyer, Benjamin N., of Leicester, age 34, first lieutenant 3d bat. light artillery, Dec. 16, ’61. Dismissed the service Oct. 25, ’62.
Eaton, Solon, of Addison, age 22, captain co. K, 2d regt., June 20, ’61. Resigned August 4, ’62.
Eells, Isaac L., of Middlebury, age 27, private co. F, 5th regt., Aug. 27, ’61. Corporal, Sept. 16, ’61. Sergeant. Regt. com. sergeant, May 1, ’63. Re-enlisted Dec. 15, ’63. Second lieutenant co. A, April 5, ’64. Quartermaster, July 30, ’64. Mustered out of service June 29, ’65.
Frost, Henry M., of Middlebury, age-, chaplain 7th regt., Feb. 12, ’62. Resigned Aug. 9, ’62.
Gage, William W., of Monkton, age 22, private co. B, 11th regt., July 21, ’62. Sergeant, Sept. 1, 62. Second lieutenant, Dec. 28, ’63. First lieutenant co. F, June 2, ’65. Mustered out of service June 24, ’65.
Gale, George S., of Bridport, age 47, surgeon 1st cav., Nov. 19, ’61. Mustered out of service Nov. 18, ’64.
Grace, James, of Middlebury, age 18, private co. B, 5th regt., Aug. 19, ’61. Sergeant, Sept. 16, ’61. Re-enlisted Feb. 20, ’64. Wounded May 5, ’64. First sergeant, Feb. 1, ’65. First lieutenant co. H, June 13, ’65. Mustered out of service June 29, ’65.
Hamilton, Eugene A., of Salisbury, age 31, second lieutenant co. F, 5th regt., Sept. 4, ’61. First lieutenant, June 21, ’62. Captain, Jan. 24, ’63. Mustered out service Sept. 15, ’64.
Hanchett, Henry, of New Haven, age 22, private co. C, 7th regt., Nov. 21, ’61. First sergeant, Feb. 12, ’62. Second lieutenant, Oct. 9, ’62. Resigned January 27, ’63.
Heath, Orville W., of Middlebury, age 25, second lieutenant co. I, 1st regt., May 2, ’61. Mustered out of service Aug. 15, ’61.
Herbert, Henry, of Middlebury, age 19, first lieutenant co. H, 1st battery light artillery, Dec. 21, ’61. Resigned Nov. 24, ’62.
Howe, George G., of Shoreham, age 26, private co. B, 11th regt., July 17, ’62. First sergeant, Sept. 1, ’62. Second lieutenant, June 7, ’63. First lieutenant, Dec. 28, ’63. Captain co. I, June 6, ’65. Mustered out of service June 24, ’65.
Hoyt, Jonathan M., of New Haven, age 24, second lieutenant co. K, 2d regt., June 20, ’61. Resigned July 17, ’62.
Hulburt, Ward B., of Weybridge, age 19, private co. K, 2d regt., May 20, ’61. Corporal, June 20, ’61. Sergeant, Sept. 1, ’62. Re-enlisted March 20, ’64. First lieutenant co. K, June 20, ’64. Captain co. K, Feb. 5, ’65. Mustered out of service July 15, ’65.
Hunsdon, Charles, of Shoreham, age 32, captain co. B, 11th regt., August 13, ’62. Major, Nov. 2, ’63. Lieutenant-colonel, Sept. 2, ’64. Colonel, June 2, ’65. Mustered out of service June 24, ’65.
Huntingdon, Henry D., of New Haven, age 21, private co. B, 5th regt., Aug. 23, ’61. Re-enlisted Dec. 15, ’63. Sergeant, Dec. 20, ’63. Wounded June 29, ’62, May 5, ’64, and June 3, ’64. First lieutenant co. C, May 4, ’65. Mustered out of service June 29, ’65.
Jones, Walter S., of Shoreham, age 22, private co. B, 11th regt., Aug. 11, ’62. Corporal, Sept. 1, ’62. Sergeant, April 7, ’63. First sergeant, Aug 11, ’63. Second lieutenant co. C, Dec. 2, ’64, First lieutenant co. K, May 23, ’65. Transferred to co. B, captain, June 6, ’65. Mustered out of service June 24, ’65.
Kidder, Charles W. B., of Vergennes, age 43, surgeon 11th regt., Sept. 1, ’62. Resigned Sept. 10, ’63.
Lucia, Joel H., of Bridport, age 22, private co. H, Feb. 29, ’64. First sergeant, April 12, ’64. Wounded Sept. 30, ’64. First lieutenant, March 9, ’65, Mustered out of service July 14, ’65.
Mason, Andrew J., of New Haven, age 26, private co. F, 5th regt., Sept. 5, ’61. First sergeant. Second lieutenant, July 9, ’62. Resigned March 31, ’63.
Mason, Charles W., of New Haven, age 23, second lieutenant co. F, 14th regt., Oct. 21, ’62. Mustered out of service July 30, ’63.
McCormic, Charles, of Middlebury, age 18, private co. C, 7th regt., Dec. 27, ’61. Corporal, Feb. 12, ’62. Sergeant, Sept. 12, ’62. Re-enlisted Feb. 15, ’64. First sergeant, July 1, ’64. First lieutenant, Dec. 5, ’64. Mustered out of service March 14, ’66.
Middlebrook, Theophilus C., of Ferrisburgh, age 23, first lieutenant co. I, 14th regt., Oct. 21, ’62. Resigned Jan. 7, ’63.
Moore, Franklin, of Shoreham, age 45, captain co. K, 1st cavalry, Nov. 19, ’61. Resigned July 14, ’62.
Moore, Herbert H., of Middlebury, age 18, private co. C, 9th regt., June 7, ’62. Corporal, July 9, ’62. Sergeant, July 11, ’63. First sergeant, March 17, ’64. Second lieutenant, June 10, ’64. First lieutenant, Dec. 29, ’64. Resigned May 9, ’65.
Murdick, Newton, of Middlebury, age 24, private co. B, 5th regt., Aug. 24, ’61. Re-enlisted Dec. 15, ’63. Wounded April 16, ’62, and June 3, ’64. Sergeant, Oct. 18, ’64. First sergeant, May 12, ’65. Second lieutenant, June 4, ’65. Mustered out of service as first sergeant June 29, ’65.
Neddo, George, of Middlebury, age 22, private co. A, 6th regt., Oct. 2, ’61. Sergeant. First sergeant. Second lieutenant, May 15, ’64. First lieutenant, July 1, ’64. Mustered out of service Oct. 28, ’64.
Needham, Henry B., of Middlebury, age 23, first lieutenant co. E, 14th regt., Oct. 21, ’62. Mustered out of service July 30, ’63.
Palmer, Edson B., of New Haven, age 21, private co. C, 9th regt., Nov. 30, ’63. Corporal, June 15, ’64. Transferred to co. A by reason of consolidation of regiment, June 13, ’65. Sergeant, June 14, ’65. Second lieutenant, Sept. 2, ’65. Mustered out of service Dec. 1, ’65.
Parker, Charles E., of Vergennes, age 22, adjutant 7th regt., Jan. 1, ’62. Captain co. E, Dec. 9, ’62. Resigned Oct. 22, ’63.
Parker, Edward B., of Middlebury, age 20, private co. C, 11th regt., Aug. 8, ’62. Sergeant, Sept. 1, ’62. Second lieutenant, Jan. 16, ’64. Taken prisoner June 23, ’64, and died at Columbus, S. C., Oct. 13, ’64, from injuries received from bloodhounds.
Parker, George, jr., of Vergennes, age 21, captain co. A, 6th regt., Oct. 15, ’61. Resigned Oct. 21, ’62.
Perry, Henry L., of Salisbury, age 27, private co. C, 7th regt., Dec. 14, 61. Re-enlisted Feb. 23, ’64. Corporal, May 1, ’64. Sergeant, July 1, ’64. Second lieutenant, March 1, ’66. Mustered out of service as sergeant March 14, ’65.
Porter, Henry M., of Middlebury, age 26, captain co. C, 6th regt., Jan. 15, ’62. Major, Aug. 28, ’62. Lieutenant-colonel, June 29, ’65. Colonel, Sept. 1, ’65. Mustered out of service as lieutenant-colonel March 14, ’65.
Prindle, John A., of Vergennes, age 19, private co. C, 7th regt., Nov. 21, ’61. Regimental quartermaster-sergeant, July 1, ’63. Re-enlisted Feb. 18, ’64. First lieutenant co. K, Sept. 13, ’64. Captain, Nov. 23, ’65. Mustered out of service March 14, ’66.
Randall, Charles J. S., of Bristol, age 28, private co. A, 6th regt. Oct. 14, ’61. Regimental quartermaster-sergeant, Aug. 25, ’62. Second lieutenant co. A, Nov. 1, ’62. First lieutenant, May 15, ’64. Quartermaster, Jan. 28, ’65. Mustered out of service June 26, ’65.
Raymond, Edson M., of Orwell, age 32, private co. H, 5th regt., Sept. 3,’61. Corporal, Sept. 16, ’61. Sergeant, Dec. 15, ’63. Re-enlisted Dec. 15, ’63. First Lieutenant co. D, Sept. 15, ’64. Captain, Dec. 31, ’65. Wounded April 2, ’65. Honorably discharged June 2, ’65, for wounds.
Rice, John R, of Bridport, private co. K, age 28, 1st cavalry, Sept. 25, ’61. Sergeant, Nov. 13, ’61. First sergeant. Wounded July 6, ’63. Re-enlisted Feb. 18, ’64. First lieutenant, Nov. 19, ’64. Mustered out of service June 21, 65.
Rich, Edwin, of Middlebury, age 39, captain co. E, 14th regt., Oct. 21, ’62. Mustered out of service July 30, ’63.
Rose, Charles W., of Middlebury, age 23, first lieutenant co. I, 1st regt., May 2, ’61. Mustered out of service Aug. 15, ’61. Re-enlisted. Captain co. B, 5th Vermont volunteers, Sept. 4, ’61. Wounded June 29, ’62. Lieutenant-colonel 14th regt., Oct. 21, ’62. Mustered out service July 30, ’63.
Ross, Oliver E., of Cornwall, age 24, colonel 12th regt., Jan 29, ’63. Mustered out of service July 14, ’63.
Russell, William P., of Middlebury, age 50, surgeon 5th regt., Sept. 16, ’61. Honorably discharged Oct. 11, ’61, for disability.
Sayles, Lensie R, of Leicester, captain 2d battery light artillery, Dec. 16, ’61. Resigned Feb. 20, ’62.
Severance, Philo S., of Middlebury, age 21, private co. B, 11th regt., July 19, ’62. Corporal, Sept. 1, ’62. Sergeant, Dec. 26, ’63. Second lieutenant, June 16, ’65. Mustered out of service June 24, ’65.
Smith, Luman, of Addison, age 18, private co. C, 9th regt., July 7, ’62. Corporal. Sergeant, March 21, ’64. First sergeant, March 24, ’65. Second lieutenant, May 20, ’65. Mustered out of service as first sergeant, June 13,’65.
Smith, Charles H., of Addison, age 19, second lieutenant co. B, 11th regt., Sept. 1, ’62. Deserted from arrest June 8, ’63.
Sneden, George W., of New Haven, age 22, private co. C, 9th regt., June 21, ’62. Corporal, July 9, ’62. Sergeant, July 11, ’63. First sergeant, Aug. 20, ’64. Second lieutenant, Dec. 29, ’64. Resigned May 4, ’65.
Sprague, Edwin H., of Middlebury, age 45, surgeon 15th regt., Oct. 21, ’62. Discharged Nov. 14, ’62, for incompetency.
Spencer, Orin L., of Salisbury, age 22, private co. F, 5th regt., Aug. 20, ’61. Sergeant, Sept. 16, ’61. Sergeant-major, July 10, ’62. Second lieutenant, co. D, Jan. 24, ’63. First lieutenant, co. G, Nov. 24, ’63. Mustered out of service Sept. 15, ’64.
Stowell, Henry, Vergennes, age 22, private co. B, 7th regt., Dec. 28, ’61. Corporal, Feb. 12, ’62. Sergeant, Oct. 18, ’62. Second lieutenant, co. F, March 1, ’63. First lieutenant, Oct. 22, ’63. Captain co. C, September 27, ’64. Mustered out of service March 14, ’66.
Thomas, Cyrus, of Weybridge, age 26, private co. B, 11th regt., Aug. 7, ’62. Sergeant, Sept. 1, ’62. Company quartermaster-sergeant, May 2, ’64. Second lieutenant, Jan. 6, ’65. Wounded Oct. 19, ’64, and April 2, ’65. First lieutenant co. D, June 4, ’65. Mustered out of service as second lieutenant co. B, June 4, ’65.
Tracy, Amos F., of Middlebury, age 22, first lieutenant co. K, 2d regt., May 28, ’61. Captain, co. H, Jan. 24, ’62. Major, April 2, ’63. Lieutenant-colonel, June 17, ’64. Wounded May 3, ’63, and October 19, ’64. Brevet colonel, April 2, ’65, for gallantry in assault on Petersburg, Va., April 2, ’65. Mustered out of service as lieutenant-colonel July 15, ’65.
Walker, Aldace F., of Middlebury, age 20, first lieutenant co. B, 11th regt., Aug. 13, ’62. Captain co. C, Nov. 30, ’62. Transferred to co. D, July 11, ’63. Major, June 28, ’64. Brevet lieutenant-colonel, Oct. 19, ’64, for distinguished gallantry in the several engagements in the Shenandoah Valley. Lieutenant-colonel, June 2, ’65. Mustered out of service June 24, ’65.
Ward, John S., of Shoreham, age 41, first lieutenant co. K, first cavalry, Oct. 21, 62. Captain July 16, ’62. Resigned Nov. 19, ’62.
Wright, Don Juan, of Shoreham, age 27, second lieutenant co. D, 14th regt., Oct. 21, ’62. Mustered out of service July 30, ’63.
Williamson, Charles H., of Middlebury, age 18, private co. B, 5th regt., Aug. 20, ’61. Sergeant. First Sergeant. Second Lieutenant co. K, March 21, ’63. Transferred to co. B, March 25, ’63. First lieutenant, Nov. 14, ’63. Mustered out of service Sept. 13, ’64.
Worcester, George B., of Ferrisburgh, age 22, private co. G, 2d regt., May 7, ’61. Sergeant June 20, ’61. First sergeant. Second lieutenant, March 10, ’63. Dismissed the service April 5, ’64, for inefficiency and conduct unbecoming an officer and gentleman.
Wright, Wilson D., of Middlebury, age 23, first lieutenant co. B, 5th regt., Sept. 16, ’61. Honorably discharged Aug. 23, ’62, for wounds received in action at Savage Station, June 29, ’62.